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Glasgow Centre for Population Health Podcast

The seminar series is intended to create a space in which participants are exposed to interesting and relevant ideas, encouraged to develop their thinking and increase dialogue across disciplines and sectors. It is hoped that the series contributes to the
Glasgow Centre for Population Health Podcast

Description

A dynamically-generated RSS feed reflecting search criteria made against Spoken Word Services' Padova audio search tool. This feed will automatically update with any new results as and when the feed is refreshed, if and when new results are available. Search criteria: in collection: 'Glasgow Centre for Population Health'

Link: www.spokenword.ac.uk

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Education
Health

Episodes

GCPH Seminar Series 2014-2015 - Experience shapes the brain across the lifecourse; epigenetics, biological embedding and cumulative change (audio)

Apr 27, 2015 00:56:32

Description:

In Lecture 6, the final lecture of Seminar Series 2014-2015, Professor Bruce S. McEwen delivers a talk on how experience shapes the brain across the lifecourse; epigenetics, biological embedding and cumulative change. Professor McEwen is a neuroscientist at The Rockefeller University, New York. He studies the brain and in this lecture, discusses how the social environment affects the brain and through the brain, affects the rest of the body, health and disease through the lifecourse. He also introduces the concept of epigenetics which concerns how environmental factors regulate expression of genes and effect brain and body function.

GCPH Seminar Series 2014-2015 - Re-imaging justice for women (audio)

Mar 16, 2015 01:01:17

Description:

The fifth lecture of the 2014-2015 Seminar Series is delivered by Linda de Caesteker, Director of Public Health, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde. Linda talks about justice for women and in particular, the Commission for Women Offenders that she was part of. One of the recommendations of the Commission was to establish Community Justice Centres, along with Linda, colleagues from Tomorrow's Women, the Community Justice Centre in Glasgow, discuss their experiences of working in and also using the Centre.

GCPH Seminar Series 2014-2015 - Land reform as an engine of economic progress (audio)

Feb 22, 2015 00:59:33

Description:

Lecture 4 of the 2014-2015 Seminar Series is delivered by Andy Whightman, self employed writer and researcher from Edinburgh. In the Seminar, Andy discusses land, society and economy, the importance of land not just as an economic resource but how it fits in with our sense of place and the impact of how we regulate land - it's ownership, it's use - has on places and on people. This is a story from the financial crash to the hills of the highlands.

GCPH Seminar Series 2014-2015 - Lecture 3. Economics of Dignity (audio)

Jan 27, 2015 00:55:20

Description:

In Lecture 3 of the 2014-2015 Seminar Series, Marilyn Waring, Professor of Public Policy AUT University, Auckland New Zealand, delivers a presentation on the Economics of Dignity. The dignity discussed concerns those people who are care givers and in particular, children and the question of children's agency. Professor Waring relates this to the new provisions in Scotland for carers and young carers and poses questions about their dignity.

GCPH Seminar Series 2014-2015 - Lecture 2. Nature, nurture and society (audio)

Dec 10, 2014 01:18:37

Description:

In Lecture 2 of the 2014-2015 Seminar Series, Byron Vincent, writer and performer, delivers a talk on Nature, Nurture and Society. He first talks about his experience of growing up on sink estates and how environment often shapes behaviour and discuses what can be done about that. In the second part he talks about his diagnoses of Bipolar disorder and Post Traumatic Stress disorder, his experience within the mental health system and changes that could be made for the better.

GCPH Seminar Series 2013-14 - Nourishing the City: The Rise of the Urban Food Question (Audio)

May 4, 2014 00:41:58

Description:

Kevin Morgan, Professor of Governance at Cardiff University delivers this lecture on Urban Food Policy. He looks at the rise of the city as a new player in the food policy debate taking the experiences of London, New York, Toronto and distills some of the lessons learned for cities in UK.

GCPH - Go Well 8th Annual Event

Apr 15, 2014 00:18:34

Description:

Nicola Sturgeon, Deputy First Minister, talks about the work of the Go Well project

GCPH Seminar Series 2013-14 - Does austerity harm health? (Audio)

Feb 24, 2014 00:44:05

Description:

In this lecture, Dr. Reeve, post-doctoral researcher at Oxford University, puts forward the case that austerity does harm health but that is a choice we make and we can change how our governments respond to the recession and recessions in the future.

GCPH Seminar Series 2013-14 - Healthy Cognitive Ageing (Audio)

Jan 20, 2014 01:08:18

Description:

Professor Ian Deary, Director of The Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology at Edinburgh University, presents this lecture on healthy cognitive ageing and principally, the research he has carried out on the Lothian birth cohorts of 1921 and 1936.

GCPH Seminar Series 2013-14 - Who are the real insane? (audio)

Dec 10, 2013 01:08:17

Description:

Dr Manie Sher a Director from the Tavistock Institution of Human Relations in London presents this lecture on 'Who are the real insane? Our perceptions of disordered thinking and behaviour as defences against imagination'. The Tavistock Institute is concerned with a broad range of issues through activities involving research, organisational and change consultancy primarily in the Public Sector. With a background as a pyscho-analyst, Dr Sher brings these perspectives to bear on the work he does with large complex organisations which he discuses in this lecture, looking at examples where mental health issues are central to the organisations concerned.

GCPH Seminar 1, Series 2013-2014 - Reflecting on Money, Love & Virtue (Audio)

Nov 11, 2013 00:57:28

Description:

The first of the Glasgow Centre for Population Health (GCPH) 2013-14 Seminars; Maria Pereira reflects on Money, Love and Virtue.

GCPH Seminar Six (Audio) - Medical Humanities and the 'Fifth Wave' in Public Health: Parallel Tracks?

Apr 28, 2013 00:45:50

Description:

In the final lecture of the 2012/2013 series of lectures provided by the Glasgow Centre for Population Health (GCPH), Professor Jane Macnaughton, Medical Humanities, University of Durham, discusses the links between Medical Humanities and the idea of the Fifth Wave in Public Health.

GCPH Lecture 5 - How the effects of traumatic stress are transmitted to the next generation

Mar 11, 2013 01:11:09

Description:

Professor Rachel Yahuda delivers a presentation on epigenetics and the effects of stress on the next generation.

GCPH Lecture 3: Dr Joe Ravetz (Audio) - An exploration of synergistic thinking in public health , integrated health care, healthy cities

Jan 28, 2013 01:13:42

Description:

Public health faces many challenges today and this will intensify in the future across many different areas – cost, technology, lifestyles, expectations etc. In this lecture, Dr Joe Ravetz proposes that we need new ways of thinking to deal with these challenges.

GCPH Seminar Series 9: Dr. David Reilly - Audio - Human healing in the age of science: the art of the healing shift

Dec 9, 2012 01:07:51

Description:

What of healing? In this lecture Dr David Reilly described his exploration of what might emerge from our efforts to improve health and wellbeing when we shift our focus from external interventions towards life's innate drive to restore equilibrium and wholeness. His approach was born of necessity over twenty years ago when he was working with patients who were not responding to conventional techniques. Since then he has been learning how to help people access their own potential and expanding his knowledge of the automatic maps, that impact upon self-care, change and human flourishing. Some years in, the learning was experimentally scaled from one-to-one to the group-based WEL programme. This was put into service as an action research developmental-demonstration model in the NHS Centre for Integrative Care in Glasgow. More recently the programme has been developed in partnership with the Scottish Government and extended into a primary care setting and staff welfare programmes. Can the subjective inner life be rehabilitated from its battered and neglected place in evidence based medicine? Might the principles of wellness enhancement be scaled up to larger health care systems and population health? Dr Reilly outlined promising preliminary results from this latest development of the programme and considered the potential to foster wellbeing and flourishing in everyday life. The ideas behind the programme have formed an integral and important part of the Cultural Influence on Wellbeing Project led by Phil Hanlon who chaired the session.

GCPH Seminar Series 9: Akala - Audio - Hip Hop Shakespeare

Nov 25, 2012 00:42:17

Description:

Founded by MOBO award-winner Akala in 2009, The Hip-Hop Shakespeare Company is a musical theatre production social enterprise which offers young people a different view of the arts and ultimately of themselves. Working in a variety of settings including schools, prisons and community venues, engaging in music and literature, the Hip Hop Shakespeare company strives to inspire and enable young people to better meet their potential, express themselves and highlight their creative talent. Central to their approach is an exploration of the social, linguistic and cultural parallels between the works of Shakespeare and modern day hip-hop artists. In this illustrated lecture, Akala introduced us to the work of the hip-hop Shakespeare approach.

GCPH Seminar Series 8: Dr Sandro Galea - Audio - Thinking in systems, looking for the causes of population health

May 6, 2012 00:57:37

Description:

Identifying biologic and behavioural causes of disease has been one of the central concerns of epidemiology for the past half century. This has led to the development of increasingly sophisticated conceptual and analytic approaches focused on the isolation of single causes of disease states. However, the growing recognition that (a) factors at multiple levels, including biologic, behavioural, and group levels may influence health and disease, and (b) that the interrelation among these factors often includes dynamic feedback and changes over time challenges this dominant epidemiologic paradigm. Using examples we will discuss how this deterministic paradigm has led us down a narrow path that challenges our capacity to meaningfully understand the complex causes of health states. Once we begin ‘thinking in systems’ we inevitably arrive at a broader public health conceptualization of the causes of health states. This has important implications both for the science as well as for a public health policy approach that aims to improve the health of populations.

GCPH Seminar Series 8: Manfred Helrigl - Audio - Self organisation and civil engagement: co-operation, culture and politics for a more sustainable society - learning from Vorarlberg, Austria

Apr 1, 2012 00:54:12

Description:

Vorarlberg in Austria has 20 years of experience in experimenting with different ways and methods of promoting a more sustainable society. Out of this experience has emerged the idea of a 'learning institution' embedded in a tight-knit network of co-operating institutions. In this lecture Manfred Helrigl outlined a 'philosophy of self-organization' and illustrated its impact through practical examples. Manfred suggested that we need to rethink familiar leadership-strategies and revitalize democracy, because the existing system is not capable of handling wicked problems. He also outline how they are approaching this challenge in Vorarlberg, what a new culture of co-operation could look like and its implications for society, government and administration at local and regional level.

GCPH Seminar Series 8: Professor Jonathan Seckl - Audio - Developmental programming - how your parents' environment before you were born impacts on your and your children's risk of disease

Feb 20, 2012 01:14:49

Description:

We all blame our genes for many of our features, behaviours and illnesses. Recent studies suggest that the environment before birth is also a major influence on the risk of ill-health across the lifespan and perhaps into a further generation. This process, called ‘developmental programming’, has been studied intensively in recent years and is beginning to reveal a process called epigenetics which underpins growth, behaviour and health risks. In this seminar, Prof Seckl will discuss these issues and how for example, stress during pregnancy or how well a child’s grandfather ate, impacts on their life.

GCPH Seminar Series 8: Antony Morgan - Audio - Thinking and acting differently: An asset model for public health

Jan 24, 2012 01:05:03

Description:

Very few people argue with the need to address the social determinants of health and much effort has already been made at national and international level to reduce persistent health inequities between and within countries. However, global health inequities continue to widen, as the effectiveness and quality of programmes vary considerably, sometimes resulting in the reverse of expected outcomes. Local political issues and cultural conflicts clearly play a part in these situations. However, the asset model proposed in ‘Health Assets in a Global Context’ suggests that it is the disproportionate emphasis between deficit and asset based approaches that prevent effective and sustained action. The former focuses on assessing health needs, sometimes ignoring the potential strengths of individuals and communities; the latter assesses multiple levels of health-promoting aspects in populations, and promotes joint solutions between communities and outside agencies. The Asset Model sets out a challenge for policy makers, researchers and practitioners to think and act differently to support positive joint solutions for health. It brings together a range of existing ideas to provide a framework for establishing the evidence base required to demonstrate the benefits to be gained from investing in asset based approaches. Antony Morgan is an epidemiologist and the Associate Director, Centre for Public Health Excellence for NICE. He is currently responsible for producing public health guidance across a range of public health topic areas, including inequalities, community engagement, social and emotional wellbeing of children, sexual health, alcohol misuse, quitting smoking during pregnancy, domestic violence and Hepatitis B and C.

GCPH Seminar Series 8: Seminar 2 - Giving a voice to Afghan Civil Society - INSPIRE Project

Dec 7, 2011 00:15:55

Description:

Since 2010 the University of Strathclyde, the University of Herat and the NGO PeaceWaves International Network have been collaborating on two projects funded by the British Council. One of these collaborative projects is under the scheme called INSPIRE International Strategic Partnership and started in January 2011. The focus of this project is to run (across three years) two training courses for Afghan practitioners in Person Centred/Experiential Skills plus a final advanced input. The course is experientially co-constructed between tutors and participants on a daily basis, in respect of the local cultural and traditional values and has the long term aim to be training for trainers that can be applied and replicated autonomously at the University of Herat and several other Afghan organisations. In this lecture members of the team will present an overview of their work, together with findings so far and the implications of these for a country living with the consequences of a long period of war and devastation.

GCPH Seminar Series 8: Seminar 2 - Giving a voice to Afghan Civil Society - DelPHE Project

Dec 7, 2011 00:26:58

Description:

Since 2010 the University of Strathclyde, the University of Herat and the NGO PeaceWaves International Network have been collaborating on two projects funded by the British Council. The first, under the scheme called DelPHE and started in September 2010, is a three year collaborative research project titled Afghan Civil Society's opinion and suggestions regarding women's empowerment and children's education in their country. 15 young Afghan researchers have been trained on quantitative and qualitative research methods. Parallel to that, a questionnaire and some focus groups have been developed and are due to be run by the young researchers across the six Afghan Provinces. The aim of this project is to give a voice to Afghan Civil Society regarding two main emergencies in their country (that are also points raised by the Millennium Development Goals, 2009): women's empowerment and children's education. In this lecture members of the team will present an overview of their work, together with findings so far and the implications of these for a country living with the consequences of a long period of war and devastation.

GCPH Seminar Series 8: Professor Guy Standing - The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class

Nov 27, 2011 00:57:25

Description:

A growing number of people, including millions from Britain, have been entering a global precariat, part of an emerging class structure shaped by globalisation. In this lecture, drawing on his new book, The Precariat: A New Dangerous Class, Professor Standing examined the labour market dynamics that underpin the growth of the precariat and set out the nucleus of a new 'politics of paradise' that is beginning to take shape outside the political mainstream.

GCPH Seminar Series 7: Professor Peter Gianaros Audio - Mapping the mind under pressure: Can brain imaging research tell us anything new about stress and physical health?

May 9, 2011 00:50:54

Description:

Seminar Series 7 concluded on Tuesday 10 May 2011 at St Andrew's in the Square, Glasgow. Everyone faces stressful experiences. They are facts of life. Not everyone handles stressful experiences in quite the same way, however. And not all stressful experiences are the same. Some are brief. Others are chronic. Some are psychological. Others are physical. Some make us grow and give us an opportunity to flourish. Others make us flounder and undermine our wellbeing. The different ways in which stress can affect people either positively or negatively ultimately depends on the brain. This is because the brain is the central organ that filters our experiences as being positive or negative — and it ultimately determines how we handle these experiences throughout life. The purpose of this lecture was to provide a general overview of what we know and what we don’t know about how the human brain processes and responds to stressful experiences, both in the short-term and over the long-term. A particular emphasis was placed on the strengths and weaknesses of brain imaging studies to address open questions about the bodily pathways linking stressful experiences to health, particularly physical health. To this end, the speaker’s work on the neurobiology of stress and cardiovascular disease risk was used for illustrative purposes. The lecture concluded by considering how future studies on this complicated topic can deepen our understanding of how stressful experiences can become embodied by the brain to influence health throughout life.

GCPH Seminar Series 7: Dr. Timo Hamalainen Audio - Silent transformation of well-being

Apr 18, 2011 01:04:19

Description:

The fifth seminar in Series 7 took place on Wednesday 13 April 2011 at the Trades Hall of Glasgow. Public policy debates in industrialized societies tend to evolve around two instrumental subsystems: the economy and the welfare state. The ultimate goal of these subsystems - the well-being of citizens - receives very little attention. It seems as if policy makers assume that they understand it so well that it needs no special reflection. Unfortunately, this is not the case. The determinants of well-being have changed considerably in recent decades as societies have become wealthier, cultural norms and regulations have become more liberal, and the influence of the markets in everyday life has grown. Instead of scarcity and deprivation, the majority of people in affluent societies suffer from the "problem of choice" – an inability to make good choices for their own and others' well-being. Increasing concerns surrounding work-life balance, mental health, obesity, personal finances and children's development, as well as the rapidly growing markets for life management and well-being magazines, TV-programs and personal consulting services, suggest that this problem is real and has major societal impacts. This underlines the need to develop a better and more holistic understanding of everyday well-being that could serve as a basis for better individual decisions and public policy making. Improving knowledge about well-being is also crucial for innovating products and services to improve it. The more you know about the determinants of well-being in everyday life, the better products and services you can develop. Hence, well-being and competitiveness are not contradictory, rather they are consistent with each other.

Glasgow's Healthier Future Forum 11

Mar 30, 2011 03:24:45

Description:

The 11th Healthier Future Forum took place on Thursday 31 March 2011 at Glasgow Science Centre. Taking the focus of 'a resilient Glasgow', this event presented indicators of progress and drew upon newly developed conceptual models to improve understanding about Glasgow's health. Delegates were encouraged to think about Glasgow's past, its present and its future and what might be the key components of a more resilient city.

GCPH Seminar Series 7: Anthony Hodgson Audio - Is Resilience Enough?

Mar 7, 2011 01:01:25

Description:

The fourth seminar in Series 7 took place on Tuesday 8 March 2011 at the Lighthouse, Glasgow. It has become all too evident in recent months that the world, as well as local society, is being subjected to an increasing pace of shocks. These range from natural events, such as earthquakes, eruptions, super-storms and large scale flooding, to societal shocks including financial crises, budget cuts and unrest with outworn regimes and politics. At the local level we see escalating fuel and food prices, weather stress and degrading public health. These challenges are having the effect of switching the agenda from sustainability towards resilience. The question emergency planners ask is "how can we plan for anything without having to plan for everything?" The essential nature of resilience is to prepare capacity to be able to bounce back from shocks, surprises and contingencies. The task is to get things returned to normal as quickly as possible. But supposing we are entering a future where normal as we know it no longer exists? There may be structural changes taking place in people and planet that are too far gone from the normal that we have become comfortable with. This talk introduced the idea that we need to begin thinking about what it would mean to bounce beyond, to respond to crises as opportunities to change the way we configure life. In the increasing frequency of what Homer-Dixon calls synchronous failure, where our rigid structures are really broken down, we may be able to initiate positive changes that are impossible as 'gentle change' as the current system fights to keep the status quo. This leads us to a new concept called transformative resilience.

GCPH Seminar Series 7: Professor Phil Hanlon - The True, the Good and the Beautiful

Feb 13, 2011 01:24:24

Description:

The third seminar of Series 7 took place on Tuesday 8 February 2011 at the City Halls in Glasgow. It was Plato who first observed that human beings naturally integrate the true, the good and the beautiful. We still observe this in our own lives when we are allowed to do so. Yet, the true (as manifested in the ideologies of scientism and economism) has been elevated in our work and professional lives to a position where 'evidence' and 'cost effectiveness' trumps all other considerations. The result is that we feel brutalised and not 'fully human'.

GCPH Seminar Series 7: Hazel Henderson - Transforming Finance: Recognising the Global Financial System as a Commons

Jan 24, 2011 01:28:39

Description:

The first Seminar Series event of 2011 took place on Wednesday 19 January at the Teacher Building, Glasgow. Hazel Henderson spoke live from Florida via webcast. At the seminar Hazel discussed the implications of recognising global finance as a commons for re-structuring our current global casinos. She explored how to restore the purpose of finance as serving the real economies of the world, as well as the principles that should guide finance in the service of people and planet and outline the limits of markets and money itself. She examined how best to defend the global commons: atmosphere, oceans, biodiversity, etc from inappropriate market penetration and protect human rights, especially those of indigenous peoples in non-market societies and their traditional cultures and lands. Her seminar also raised possible implications of socially responsible investing at the local level.

GCPH Seminar Series 7: Professor Max Boisot - The City as a Complex Adaptive System: Lessons from the ATLAS Experiment at the LHC

Nov 23, 2010 01:19:01

Description:

The first seminar in this Series took place on Thursday 18 November 2010 at the Lighthouse. The ATLAS Collaboration will conduct experiments at the very edge of science, using one of four detectors located on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The Collaboration consists of over 3000 scientist working in over 174 research institutes and universities located in 38 countries around the globe. In such a complex and spatially extended network (what we would today call a complex adaptive system) how do the knowledge flows allow the creation of one of the most sophisticated technological objects ever built? Drawing on a conceptual framework, the Information-Space or I-Space, Max Boisot described and tried to make sense of the ATLAS collaboration’s culture. He explored the lessons that the management of globally distributed ‘big science’ projects such as the ATLAS collaboration hold for other complex adaptive systems such as cities.

GCPH Seminar Series 6: Adam Kahane - Power and Love: A theory and practice of social change

May 17, 2010 01:27:32

Description:

Adam Kahane delivered the last seminar from this series. His lecture was based on his assertion that the two methods most frequently employed to solved our toughest social problems - relying on violence and aggression, or submitting to endless negotiation and compromise - are fundamentally flawed and that the seemingly contradictory drives behind these two approaches - power, the desire to achieve one's purpose, and love, the urge to unite with others are actually complimentary.

GCPH Seminar Series 6: David Gustave - Code of the street - how we should re-interpret morality

Apr 25, 2010 01:11:11

Description:

At the fifth lecture of this Seminar Series, David Gustave, an Educational Motivator from the children's charity 'Kid's Company' delivered a seminar based on both personal biography and professional experience. He spoke about the needs of young people in the UK today, and how their needs can often be wrongly judged. He spoke about how young people seek the same types of fulfilment that many of us do - something that Kid's Company helps them to understand and work towards.

GCPH Seminar Series 6: Wayne Elliot - Impact of weather on human health - current and future issues

Apr 4, 2010 01:22:52

Description:

The fourth lecture of the sixth Seminar Series was delivered by Wayne Elliot, Head of Health forecasting at the Met Office. The presentation given by Wayne was called 'Impact of weather on human health - current and future issues' and was deliverd at the Lighthouse, Glasgow. Those who attended this event heard about the work of the Met Office in relation to people's health and the initiatives they run to support the work of the health service and others involved in health protection and improvement. The work of the Met Office in relation to their work on climate change was also discussed, this included elements such as: * what aspects of the British weather are important * what areas of illness/wellbeing are chiefly affected * how the health programme operates as a business - the opportunities and challenges this brings * future impacts of the climate on health - what we know and what we don't know

GCPH Seminar Series 6: Professor Tim Jackson - Prosperity without Growth

Jan 31, 2010 00:53:30

Description:

This lecture took place at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Economic growth is supposed to deliver rising prosperity: higher incomes increasing wellbeing and leading to prosperity for all. But this conventional formula is failing. Growth has delivered its benefits, at best unequally. Moreover, the ecological and social consequences of unfettered growth are devastating. Climate change threatens long-term wellbeing. Resource scarcities undermine the basis for future prosperity. Persistent inequalities still divide the world and a growing ‘social recession’ haunts the market economies. Development remains essential for poorer countries. But are ever-increasing incomes for the ‘already rich’ still a legitimate goal for advanced nations? Or should we be aiming for prosperity without growth? In this seminar, Tim Jackson, an advisor to the UK Government and author of Prosperity without Growth: Economics for a Finite Planet (Earthscan, 2009), will argue that society faces a profound dilemma: economic growth is unsustainable; but ‘de-growth’ – or economic contraction – is unstable. He will show that the prevailing ‘escape route’ from this dilemma – to try and ‘decouple’ economic activity from its impact – is not working. How can we proceed in a world where global resource consumption is still rising yet meeting climate change targets will require reductions in carbon intensity two orders of magnitude higher than anything achieved historically? In the light of these challenges, Professor Jackson engages in a critical re-examination of the economic structure and social logic of consumerism. He will set out a new vision of a shared prosperity: the capability to flourish as human beings – within the ecological limits of a finite planet.

GCPH Seminar Series 5: - Shakti Maira - 'Nested Realtionships - Beauty, Aesthetics, Art and Happiness.'

May 2, 2009 00:47:36

Description:

On Monday 27 April, at the CCA Glasgow, Shakti Maira provided his presentation on Nested Realtionships - Beauty, Aesthetics, Art and Happiness.

GCPH Seminar Series 5: Dr Harry Burns - From theory to policy - the implications of recent research findings on health inequality

Apr 22, 2009 00:56:11

Description:

In this lecture Dr Burns reflects that recent trends show relative improvements in some Scottish health indices compared to other countries. However, health inequality remains an obstinate challenge in Scotland, with the greatest difficulties found largely in the Clydeside conurbation. The policy implications of this and the findings of recent research on the effects of stress on brain structure are considered.

GCPH Seminar Series 5: - Bert Mulder - 'Taking Care of Yourself Together'

Feb 28, 2009 00:57:25

Description:

Recent demographic trends suggest that demands on healthcare will increase to such an extent that no matter how efficient healthcare professionals are, they will never be able to provide enough care in light of the ageing population and increasing prevalence of chronic ill-health. This gap between the need for care and the size of the workforce could be bridged by the development of Information Technology (IT). While there are many developments in Scotland (and elsewhere), little work has been undertaken at a national level to develop integrated IT systems for this purpose. Careful and appropriate development will be necessary if such an IT infrastructure is to contribute fully to the future of care, but there is no business case for this and no sense of political urgency to develop such an infrastructure despite the understanding that to reach an effective level in ten years we need to start now.

GCPH Seminar Series 5: -Professor Stuart MacDonald: The Micropolitics of Urban Space

Jan 18, 2009 00:37:34

Description:

Talking Cities – The Micropolitics of Urban Space From Kevin Macleod to Prince Charles, it seems everyone is talking cities. What makes an eco-town or city? What is sustainable design? Architecture and happiness? Perhaps more importantly, what does inclusiveness, equality and diversity mean in the built environment? Place-making, the new term on the block, is generally agreed to be central to social inclusion, cultural well-being and identity. But what makes a good space? People experience their environment in different ways depending upon their social, cultural and economic circumstances. Policies can enable good spaces but they can also be exclusive. If all citizens are to be comfortable in and identify with the spaces and places they inhabit, then the full diversity of this experience has to be considered. It means adopting a human-centred design approach. In this lecture Stuart MacDonald will look at the effect of an inhospitable built environment – the impact of bad design - as a way of looking at inclusion. Because the impact of the designed environment upon us huge, he will suggest that everyone should be talking cities as a fundamental part of democracy.

GCPH Seminar Series 6: Michael Meaney

Jan 6, 2009 01:46:57

Description:

Glasgow Centre for Population Health Seminar Series 6.

GCPH Seminar Series 5: Maureen O'Hara PhD - We've got the future in our hands: Are we up to it?

Dec 8, 2008 01:06:30

Description:

We’ve got the future in our hands: Are we up to it? There is mounting evidence that the demands of everyday life in these complex and uncertain times is presenting humanity with both a threat to survival and also an opportunity for evolutionary transformation. Is humanity being pushed beyond our limits to cope or are we instead on the cusp of a breakthrough in consciousness on a global scale? Is the rising tide of mental anguish—anxiety, depression, suicide, addiction and violence – a sign that we are being overtaken by our powerful times? Or is the newly enlivened participatory impulse that swept a young African American man into the White House an indication that we are growing up and developing expanded psychological capacities, new forms of thinking and social innovation. In this lecture psychologist Maureen O'Hara will take a fresh look at the challenges of the globalising 21st century. She will suggest that if we understand what is happening from an evolutionary perspective, we may be able to learn our way into a more humane future.

GCPH Seminar Series 5: - Prof Avner Offer - 'Should Government try to make us happy?'

Nov 30, 2008 01:24:40

Description:

The determinants of 'happiness' and its distribution both domestically and internationally suggest that a more appropriate target for policy is 'unhappiness', which responds to several forms of public action. But setting happiness as an objective does suggest some policy priorities. These include non-material forms of recognition, taxation of positional goods and support of culture and the arts. Individuals have an intrinsic short-term myopic bias, which is exacerbated by the flow of novelty in affluent societies. They find it difficult to commit. Government has a role in supporting personal and social commitment for the long term, e.g. in co-ordinating responses to challenges such as climate change and energy depletion.

GCPH Event - What then is to be done

Sep 14, 2008 01:30:26

Description:

Julian Tudor Hart and David Donnison have been outstanding contributors to the British welfare state and the NHS since its beginning. In this conversation they reflect upon their experience in a period of considerable change in accountability, professionalism, democracy and ask do we still live in a generous society? In the light of all this, what then shall we do?

GCPH Seminar Series 4: - Oliver James - 'Why Selfish Capitalism Causes Increased Mental Illness'

Jun 9, 2008 00:56:52

Description:

By placing too high a value on the material aspects of life, English speaking nations put themselves at twice the risk of mental disorder over their mainland European counterparts. This overemphasis on materialism has its roots in the ideologies and policies of the Thatcher administration in the UK and the Reagan administration in the USA. Through placing an over-emphasis on materialism, these perspectives led to people spending less time on meeting fundamental human needs, resulting in increased mental disorder. A greater focus on other aspects of life is needed to restore the balance.

GCPH Seminar Series 4: - Prof Liz Gould - 'Positive and negative stress alter brain structure'

Apr 26, 2008 00:54:12

Description:

Individual differences in response to stressful experiences are a hallmark of the human condition. The same experiences that some people find aversive are considered neutral or rewarding by others. Paradoxically, experiences that are rewarding can also be defined as stressful because they activate stress hormone systems, such as the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis. Despite this activation, however, the brain is often buffered against the negative effects of high stress hormones when the experience is perceived as rewarding or "positive". The adult brain is structurally plastic, undergoing changes in the birth of new neurons, a process called neurogenesis, and remodelling of dendrites. Positive and negative stress can modulate brain structure and these changes are believed to participate in cognitive function (the processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning) and mood regulation. In this lecture, Professor Gould will discuss the influence of stress hormones on plasticity in the adult brain under aversive and rewarding conditions. Negative stress inhibits adult neurogenesis and results in atrophy of some types of neurons as a result of elevated levels of stress hormones. While positive stress results in even greater increases in such levels, these experiences are associated with brain growth. Professor Gould will argue that the effects of stress on the brain are complex and can be mediated by the social context, which may buffer the brain from negative consequences.

GCPH Seminar Series 4: - Prof James C Scott - 'Seeing Like a State: why certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed'

Mar 15, 2008 01:00:47

Description:

Looking back over the twentieth century we can see many examples of utopian schemes which have inadvertently brought disruption to millions; from compulsory ‘extended family’ villages in Tanzania, collectivisation in Russia, Le Corbusier’s urban planning, the Great Leap Forward in China and agricultural ‘modernization’ in the tropics. Why do well-intentioned plans for improving the human condition go tragically awry? Drawing upon his highly original book of the same title, and his long-term work in South East Asia (Burma in particular), Professor Scott helps us to understand how potentially harmful “state-spaces” are constructed. He shows how large-scale authoritarian schemes fail through the violence which they impose upon complex interdependencies which cannot be fully understood. He suggests that design for successful social organisation – like cities – depends on the recognition that local, practical, knowledge is as important as formal, abstract, knowledge in addressing the challenges which we now face.

GCPH seminar series 4: - Prof Geoffrey Boulton - 'Learning to live with an angry planet: human relations with the Earth in the past and future'

Jan 28, 2008 01:02:15

Description:

Humanity has now become as powerful a geological agent in shaping the operation of the planet as the oceans, ice sheets and rivers, to the extent that many believe we have entered a new geological era. What is happening to the planet? How confident are we that we understand the changes, and how should we respond to them if the science is uncertain? These matters have important economic, social and philosophical implications, and present unique political problems (the recent flooding is a small-scale example). How should we respond?

GCU - Inaugural Professorial Lecture - Improving Glasgow's Health: Learning from the Past, Influencing the Future

Jan 23, 2008 00:52:17

Description:

Professor Tannahill has recently been appointed as Honorary Visiting Professor to the School of Health & Social Care. Professor Tannahill's appointment will support the School's development in two areas of strategic importance; Research Development and Social Enterprise.

GCPH Seminar Series 4: - Prof Bruce Link - 'Health patterns and trends in New York: exploring the idea of fundamental social causes of health status'

Dec 10, 2007 00:57:20

Description:

Professor Bruce Link’s research has focused on how and under what conditions socioeconomic disparities are translated into health inequalities. In this lecture, Professor Link will introduce the fundamental-social-causes concept and present evidence related to its scope and validity by focusing on health patterns and trends in New York. Using data from New York and elsewhere he will argue that the association between socioeconomic status and mortality has persisted for over a century despite dramatic changes in the diseases afflicting humans and radical changes in the risk factors presumed to account for those diseases. Drawing upon a range of sources, he will suggest that socioeconomic disparities endure because socioeconomic status embodies an array of flexible resources, such as knowledge, money, power, prestige and beneficial social connections that can be used to protect health no matter what the risk factors or diseases are at any given time. His lecture will end with some considerations concerning the policy implications which arise from this perspective.

GCPH and Journal of Public Mental Health seminar: - Richard Wilkinson - 'Promoting positive mental health in a time of inequalities: an ethical dilemma?'

Oct 10, 2007 00:53:59

Description:

Featuring renowned speakers Professor Richard Wilkinson and Professor Corey Keyes, this seminar was held in Glasgow on Thursday 11th October 2007. As part of the Journal of Public Mental Health series of seminars, it explored key issues in public mental health and invited debate about the gap between what we know about population level influences on mental health and current policy responses to psycho-social problems. The series was supported by the National Programme for Improving Mental Health and Wellbeing, the Glasgow Centre for Population Health, the Scottish Development Centre for Mental Health and the Mental Health Foundation.

GCPH and Journal of Public Mental Health seminar: - Corey Keyes - 'Promoting positive mental health in a time of inequalities: an ethical dilemma?'

Oct 10, 2007 00:32:12

Description:

Featuring renowned speakers Professor Richard Wilkinson and Professor Corey Keyes, this seminar was held in Glasgow on Thursday 11th October 2007. As part of the Journal of Public Mental Health series of seminars, it explored key issues in public mental health and invited debate about the gap between what we know about population level influences on mental health and current policy responses to psycho-social problems. The series was supported by the National Programme for Improving Mental Health and Wellbeing, the Glasgow Centre for Population Health, the Scottish Development Centre for Mental Health and the Mental Health Foundation.

GCPH seminar series 3: - Aftab Omer - 'Belonging to One Another: Principles and Practices for Engaging the Other'

Apr 30, 2007 01:21:15

Description:

In a city which prides itself on friendliness and yet has inequalities in health which persist despite our best attempts to tackle them, questions about our relationships to others are of key significance. This issue of otherness is ancient and contemporary, local as well as global, and of significance both in everyday life and periods of cultural crisis. In this lecture, Aftab Omer will consider how to develop core principles and practices that are responsive to the challenges of otherness both within the city and beyond. The diversity we see in the human race is often treated as a problem rather than an asset. For example, we see this in various forms of social oppression such as inequality, racism and cultural trauma. Omer argues that responding effectively to the fragmentation that characterises this global cultural crisis, calls for leadership that practices a profound engagement with all that is other. Such a perspective will raise important insights and questions about how people, organisations and cultures relate to each other, with important consequences for the pursuit of wellbeing.

GCPH seminar series 3: - Rajiv Kumar - 'Towards Ethical Economics: An Initial Exploration'

Apr 8, 2007 00:45:50

Description:

It seems we are in trouble. Two recent reports – the Stern Report on the economic impact of climate change for the UK Treasury and that of International Panel on Climate Change – suggest that human activity has serious environmental consequences, such as global warming. The almost insatiable demands on natural resources by giant emerging economies like China and India are new as is that in East Europe. Yet more than two billion people still live in abject poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Their basic needs and demands must be fulfilled. Can all of this be sustained in the context of inexorable GDP growth being the exclusive measure of material fulfillment and happiness? How can we find an ethical economic response when demands are increasing, resources are declining and damage to the fabric of the ecosphere on which we all depend upon for life is becoming obvious? One way forward is suggested by the traditional Indian thought of humans being a part of nature and therefore helping to sustain it. A starting point may to be distinguish between demands and needs. While demands can be infinite and never satisfied, needs are finite and can be met within the sustainable paradigm. The important task of defining these needs raises questions of ethics. How can we address environmental, social and economic questions simultaneously? The challenge is to try and develop a set of ethical values or even a way of thinking that is broadly acceptable, practical and yet encourages us to continue our search for answers to the unknown in the universe both within and without. The Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) is one of India’s leading economic policy think tanks and Rajiv Kumar, a graduate of Oxford and Lucknow Universities has recently been advising the President of India on Globalisation, based on scenarios for Indian development which he developed with others for the World Economic Forum. In this lecture he will combine his extensive economic experience with his interest in human flourishing to explore these issues and their implications for wellbeing.

GCPH seminar series 3: - Prof David Hunter - 'The Crisis of Confidence in Public Health Policy and Practice: the Search for a New Paradigm'

Feb 17, 2007 01:10:09

Description:

Public health is facing a cruel paradox. On the one hand, concern about the public's health has never been higher and issues like obesity, alcohol misuse, growing inequalities in health, and environmental degradation compete for attention on the policy agenda. On the other hand, there is widespread dismay over the means available to address these complex public health challenges. Either they seem inadequate for the task or they are poorly implemented. Whether it is the workforce charged with health improvement and its fitness for purpose, the slender finances available for public health causes, the weak incentive structure to bring about the shift from sickness to health, or the ethical tension between the nanny state and the individual in making lifestyle choices, those engaged in improving the public's health have arguably never worked in such a fraught and confused environment. In this seminar Prof Hunter explored whether we need a new approach to health leadership and governance in order to provide public health policy with a new sense of purpose and the means to succeed. Does the political will exist to undertake the necessary action? Or is the ‘culture of contentment’ too entrenched to bring about the necessary paradigm shift?

GCPH seminar series 3: - Prof Bruce McEwen - 'Of Molecules and Mind: Stress, the Individual and the Social Environment'

Jan 28, 2007 01:12:06

Description:

Stress is a condition of the mind that differs among individuals and reflects not only major life events but also the conflicts and pressures of daily life that elevate physiological systems so as to cause a chronic stress burden. This burden reflects not only the impact of life experiences but also of genetic load and early life experiences that set life-long patterns of behaviours and physiological reactivity. While hormones associated with the chronic stress burden protect the body in the short-run and promote adaptation, in the long run they promote changes in the body that impair function, for the immune system and the brain. In this lecture, Professor McEwen will discuss how social ordering in human society is associated with gradients of disease, and describe the relationship between mortality, morbidity and socioeconomic status. Though these relationships are complex, Professor McEwen will argue that they are likely to reflect, not only differences in lifestyle, but also the cumulative burden of coping with limited resources and negative life events and the resulting chronic impact on physiological systems of adaptation.

GCPH seminar series 3: - Prof Irene McAra-McWilliam - 'Creative Communities: Design, Technology and Wellbeing'

Dec 12, 2006 01:23:09

Description:

In this lecture Professor McAra-McWilliam explored the application of creativity and imagination in addressing complex challenges in a world that is perceived to be increasingly uncertain and undergoing rapid change. Using her own work on the Creative Imagination, she argued that design processes can generate alternative directions and visions, based on the values which we want to support in our societies. These can therefore work as ‘antidotes’ and alternatives within the discourse of globalisation and individualisation. This lecture used case studies from McAra-McWilliam’s work with Hewlett Packard, Philips and the European Union ‘Connected Community’ research programme which she pioneered. These examples explored how design can foster social and technological innovation with properties which enhance wellbeing.

GCPH seminar series 3: - Jerry Sternin - 'Social Change from the Inside Out'

Nov 13, 2006 01:35:21

Description:

Jerry Sternin argued that traditional expert-driven models for individual, social and organisational change often don’t work. The Positive Deviance approach builds on successful but ‘deviant’ (different) practices and strategies that are identified from within the community or institution. Positive Deviance is based on the belief that in every community, organisation, business or group, there are individuals or entities whose uncommon, but demonstrably successful behaviours or strategies enable them to find better solutions to problems than their neighbours or colleagues who have access to exactly the same resources. How does this happen? What can we learn from it? Could it work in Glasgow?

GCPH seminar series 2: - Prof AC Grayling - 'Civic Humanism and Conversation about the Good Life'

May 22, 2006 01:08:04

Description:

In aiming to promote conversation within a community about how life practices can be changed for the better health and flourishing of its individual members, a crucial question is how that conversation is initiated, and by whom. A rich source of ideas is provided by looking at examples of thinking about 'promoting the good life' in the Western tradition, especially in Renaissance humanism and the eighteenth century debate about the role of the arts. This lecture will focus on these debates and their contemporary relevance.

GCPH seminar series 2: - Dr Howard Frumkin - 'Urban Vision and Public Health: Designing and Building Wholesome Places'

Apr 25, 2006 01:05:37

Description:

This lecture examined the effects of urban design on health, placing it in the larger context of planning and public health, and proposed solutions that combine public health and urban planning strategies relevant for the 21st century. Dr Frumkin spoke of public health lying at the heart of urban planning in the early 20th century, but since then, the growth of cities has occurred in relatively unplanned ways. Urban sprawl — the expansion of cities into rural areas, heavy reliance on automobiles, low-density, low-mix land use patterns — represents one extreme, especially in North America and Australia, but increasingly in Europe as well. At the other extreme we have high density, overcrowded, creaking infrastructure. Frumkin described how urban planning and design may affect health in a variety of ways: threatening air quality, impeding physical activity, increasing injury risks, and eroding social capital are but a few examples.

GCPH seminar series 2: - Dr Ilona Kickbusch - 'The Global Health Challenge: Why We Need Good Governance for Health'

Feb 19, 2006 1:27:41

Description:

From a starting point that emphasised the changing nature of the world and the globalisation of everyday life, this lecture demonstrated the many ways in which globalisation impacts on health, and health impacts on globalisation. Dr Kickbusch explored the implications of 'good global governance for health', and the possibility of achieving a global healthy treaty.

GCPH seminar series 2: - Prof Jenny Popay - 'Where's the Evidence: The Contribution of Lay Knowledge to Reducing Health Inequalities'

Jan 22, 2006 01:21:35

Description:

This lecture presented the case for lay knowledge and theories to be taken more seriously. Professor Popay argued that lay knowledge is sophisticated, helps to answer questions about meaning and experience, and should be treated as an 'equal but different' voice in informing decision-making about policy and practice.

GCPH seminar series 2: - Prof Tom Devine - 'The Transformation of Scotland, 1980-2005'

Dec 4, 2005 1:28:35

Description:

In this lecture, Prof Devine argued that over the past twenty five years Scotland has undergone a remarkable series of changes in economy, society and culture. While they are similar in scope and scale to those of the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century, they have largely been unnoticed or ignored. Prof Devine asked the questions 'how did we arrive here?' and 'how does this view sit with the more usual view of Scotland as a downtrodden underperforming underdog?'.

GCPH seminar series 2: - Prof Andrew Steptoe - 'How Stress Gets Under Your Skin: Psychobiological Studies of Social Status, Stress and Health'

Oct 30, 2005 1:20:07

Description:

This lecture (the first in the second seminar series) explored the relationships between psychology, biology, physiology and socio-economic status. Prof Steptoe shared many interesting insights concerning health and health inequality, developed by the emerging field of psychobiology.

GCPH Seminar Series - Glasgow's Healthier Future Forum 1: Part 1

Jun 20, 2005 00:40:54

Description:

The first meeting of Glasgow's Healthier Future Forum took place on 15 June 2005 in St Andrew's in the Square, Glasgow. The Forum was a half-day, round table event consisting of short inputs influenced by ideas emerging from the Centre's first year of work. Presentations were interspersed with discussion amongst the 160 participants, focusing on the usefulness of the ideas to practice. Part 1: Carol Tannahill, Sir John Arbuthnott, Phil Hanlon and Valerie Millar.

GCPH Seminar Series - Glasgow's Healthier Future Forum 1: Part 2

Jun 20, 2005 00:28:03

Description:

The first meeting of Glasgow's Healthier Future Forum took place on 15 June 2005 in St Andrew's in the Square, Glasgow. The Forum was a half-day, round table event consisting of short inputs influenced by ideas emerging from the Centre's first year of work. Presentations were interspersed with discussion amongst the 160 participants, focusing on the usefulness of the ideas to practice. Part 2: Harry Burns, Andrew Lyon and Carol Tannahill.

GCPH Seminar Series - Glasgow's Healthier Future Forum 1: Part 3

Jun 20, 2005 00:13:02

Description:

The first meeting of Glasgow's Healthier Future Forum took place on 15 June 2005 in St Andrew's in the Square, Glasgow. The Forum was a half-day, round table event consisting of short inputs influenced by ideas emerging from the Centre's first year of work. Presentations were interspersed with discussion amongst the 160 participants, focusing on the usefulness of the ideas to practice. Part 3: Jim McCormick.

GCPH seminar series 1: - Maureen O'Hara PhD - 'Minding the Future'

May 22, 2005 01:32:40

Description:

Ours is an age of complexity, uncertainty and rapid change. Our response to these conditions has also made ours an age of anxiety, the effects of which are to be found everywhere - deteriorating mental health, increasing crime, a global environment under strain, the persistence and deepening of unequal patterns of distribution in income, wealth and well-being. In this lecture Maureen O'Hara presented a fresh look at these challenges and suggested that, if we can come to understand them in a different light, they offer the hope of transformation.

GCPH seminar series 1: - Prof Lord Richard Layard - 'Happiness'

Apr 10, 2005 01:43:08

Description:

Prof Layard believes that the happiness of society does not necessarily equate to its income. Most people want more income, yet, as societies become richer, they do not become happier. Evidence from a range of sources shows that, on average, people have grown no happier in the last fifty years, even as average incomes have more than doubled. In fact, many countries have more depression, more alcoholism and more crime than fifty years ago. This paradox is true of Britain, the United States, continental Europe and Japan. In this lecture Prof Layard discussed both explanations of and remedies for this phenomenon including serious efforts by civic authorities to promote more pro-social cultures among children and young people.

GCPH seminar series 1: - Sholom Glouberman PhD - 'Changing Ideas; Changing Health'

Feb 28, 2005 1:34:57

Description:

Central to this lecture was the premise that there is a strong connection between science and culture: how people think about the world is closely related to how they value and think about other things as well. Glouberman focused on changing perceptions of order and disorder, the environment and identity through the ages. The implications of the interaction between these three 'big ideas' and our view of health were explored.

GCPH seminar series 1: - Prof AC Grayling - 'Imagine the Perfect Polis: Creating Health in the City'

Nov 30, 2004 01:06:09

Description:

The opening lecture of the seminar series, given by Prof Anthony Grayling, looked at the history of the city and what it can teach us about the search for the good life. Central to this was consideration of what a 'community setting' should best be like to ensure that individual flourishing and wellbeing happens.