Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics Podcast

60-Second Civics Podcast
60-Second Civics Podcast

Description

60-Second Civics is a daily podcast that provides a quick and convenient way for listeners to learn about our nation's government, the Constitution, and our history. The podcast explores themes related to civics and government, the constitutional issues behind the headlines, and the people and ideas that formed our nation's history and government. 60-Second Civics is produced by the Center for Civic Education. The show's content is primarily derived from the Center's education for democracy curricula, including We the People: The Citizen and the Constitution, Project Citizen, Foundations of Democracy, and Elements of Democracy.

Link: www.civiced.org/60-second-civics

Categories

Education

Episodes

60-Second Civics: Episode 3897, The Virginia Declaration of Rights

Feb 21, 2020 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights on today's 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3896, State Bills of Rights

Feb 20, 2020 1:15

Description:

After the Declaration of Independence, states began to adopt their own state constitutions, which contained a declaration of rights or bill of rights that listed the basic rights of citizens.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3895, What Made the Massachusetts Constitution Different?

Feb 19, 2020 1:15

Description:

Learn about the influence of the Massachusetts constitution on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3894, The Massachusetts Constitution

Feb 18, 2020 1:15

Description:

Massachusetts was the last of the original thireen states to write its constitution, but it was a model for the U.S. Constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3893, Problems with Legislative Supremacy

Feb 17, 2020 1:15

Description:

Learn about the post-Revolutionary War state governments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3892, More Basic Principles of State Constitutions

Feb 16, 2020 1:15

Description:

After the American Revolution, voting was not extended to everyone, although a larger percentage of people were allowed to vote in the United States than in Great Britain. Government was organized in similar ways in most states.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3891, Basic Principles of State Constitutions

Feb 15, 2020 1:15

Description:

The American Founders included several basic ideas about government in their state constitutions, including natural rights, higher law, social contract, and popular sovereignty.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3890, State Constitutions after the Revolution

Feb 14, 2020 1:15

Description:

Each state after independence created its own state government. The ideas that states included in their constitutions included natural rights and higher law, social contract, popular sovereignty, representation, separation of powers, checks and balances, and legislative supremacy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3889, The End of the Revolutionary War

Feb 13, 2020 1:15

Description:

At long last the Revolutionary War ended with the British surrender at Yorktown and the formal peace treaty, known as the Treaty of Paris, signed two years later.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3888, Eliza Lucas Pinckney

Feb 12, 2020 1:15

Description:

Eliza Lucas Pinckney supported the American Revolution, but paid a terrible price: the British took over her mansion, burned her crops, and killed her farm animals. By the end of the war, she was economically ruined.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3887, Setbacks for the American cause

Feb 11, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Revolutionary War was not going well for the Americans in 1778-1780, with British victories in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Congress did not have the authority to raise money directly, and troops went without adequate clothing, food, and pay. It was a bleak time for the American Revolution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3886, French Support Helps Turn the Tide of the War

Feb 10, 2020 1:15

Description:

French aid was vital to keeping the American cause going during the Revolutionary War. Diplomats Silas Deane and Benjamin Franklin played important roles in securing that aid for the new nation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3885, Valley Forge

Feb 9, 2020 1:15

Description:

During the winter at Valley Forge, American soldiers suffered from a lack of adequate food and shelter. Martha Washington and the daughter of Benjamin Franklin, Sarah Franklin Bache, rallied support for the troops, supplying them with 2,200 shirts and 400 pairs of stockings. Foreign volunteers, such as Baron von Steuben the Marquis de Lafayette, provided their support.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3884, The Battle of Saratoga

Feb 8, 2020 1:15

Description:

The American cause suffered a series of setbacks in 1777 until the decisive American victory at the Battle of Saratoga. But a long, hard winter lay ahead at Valley Forge.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3883, The Battles of Trenton and Princeton

Feb 7, 2020 1:15

Description:

George Washington knew he had to rally Americans to support the Revolution after a series of defeats. On Christmas Day, 1776, Washington led the Continental Army across the ice-choked Delaware River in a bold attack against Hessian mercenaries at Trenton, New Jersey.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3882, Victory or Defeat?

Feb 6, 2020 1:15

Description:

Victory in the American Revolution was not a sure thing. Early defeats threatened to stop the revolution in its tracks. In the face of these setbacks, Washington saw the need to convince Americans to support the Revolution with a series of bold raids.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3881, Our Nation's First Constitution

Feb 5, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Articles of Confederation was our nation's first constitution, but it had its problems.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3880, The Shot Heard 'Round the World

Feb 4, 2020 1:15

Description:

It was the "shot hear 'round the world." On April 19, 1775, skirmishes between American colonists and British soldiers broke out in the towns of Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. News of the American rebellion and its demand for independence spread all over the world. The American Revolution would inspire other nations to declare their independence from colonial masters.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3879, Loyalists during the American Revolution

Feb 3, 2020 1:15

Description:

About 15 to 20 percent of the American population were Loyalists during the American Revolution, maintaining their allegiance to the British Crown. Many Loyalists were landowners, wealthy merchants, or officials of the king, but Loyalists came from all walks of life.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3878, A Country Divided by Revolution

Feb 2, 2020 1:15

Description:

Historians estimate that Loyalists composed 15 to 20 percent of the American population, Patriots composed 40 to 45 percent, and the rest were undecided.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3877, An Absolute Tyranny

Feb 1, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Declaration of Independence contains a long list of complaints against the King George III.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3876, Justification for Revolution in the Declaration of Independence

Jan 31, 2020 1:15

Description:

On this episode of 60-Second Civics, learn about how ideas from natural rights philosophy were used to justify the American Revolution in the Declaration of Independence.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3875, Natural Rights and the Declaration of Independence

Jan 30, 2020 1:15

Description:

Thomas Jefferson used ideas from natural rights philosophy in the Declaration of Independence.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3874, The Second Paragraph of the Declaration of Independence

Jan 29, 2020 1:15

Description:

The second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence contains some of the most fundamental principles and values of natural rights philosophy underlying the American political system.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3873, How the Declaration of Independence Is Organized

Jan 28, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Declaration of Independence is divided into four important parts. Learn what these parts are on today's 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3872, A New Nation

Jan 27, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Declaration of Independence, passed by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, announced the final, momentous step in the colonists' resistance to the British government by rejecting the authority of the Crown.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3871, Writing the Declaration of Independence

Jan 26, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence was Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, and a young Virginian named Thomas Jefferson.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3870, A State of Rebellion

Jan 25, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Second Continental Congress decided to resist the British a few weeks after the battles of Lexington and Concord. They asked a committee to write a document explaining why they felt it was time to declare independence.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3869, The Revolutionary War Begins

Jan 24, 2020 1:15

Description:

Revolution loomed as the First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia in 1774. Congress banned trade with Britain and ordered the arrest of some of the leading colonists of Massachusetts. Fighting broke out in 1775 when British troops marched to the towns of Lexington and Concord.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3868, The Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party

Jan 23, 2020 1:15

Description:

Learn about two revolutionary events in the colonies: the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3867, The Sons and Daughters of Liberty

Jan 22, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty organized resistance in the colonies to the Stamp Act, the Tea Act and other British laws designed to exercise control over the American colonies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3866, Committees of Correspondence

Jan 21, 2020 1:15

Description:

How do you organize a resistance movement in the pre-internet days? You write letters. Learn about the committees of correspondence on today's 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3865, No Taxation Without Representation!

Jan 20, 2020 1:15

Description:

The laws passed by Parliament to raise revenue and assert control over the American colonies were viewed differently by the colonists and by the British. King George III felt that the colonists were acting like ungrateful children. The colonists felt that tax laws should be passed only by their colonial legislatures.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3864, The Boston Tea Party

Jan 19, 2020 1:15

Description:

What's the big deal about tea, anyway? In 1773, a tax on this favorite beverage of the American colonists led to an act of rebellion known today as the Boston Tea Party.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3863, The Stamp Act and the Quartering Act

Jan 18, 2020 1:15

Description:

The British Parliament imposed a number of laws in the 1760s and 1770s to raise revenue and assert their control over the colonies. These were seen as heavy-handed by the colonists, and sparked resentment and resistance.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3862, The Sugar Act

Jan 17, 2020 1:15

Description:

The unpopular Sugar Act of 1764 was meant to stop the smuggling of goods into and out of the American colonies. Many people resisted the new law, fanning the flames of rebellion.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3861, Britain Tightens Its Grip on the Colonies

Jan 16, 2020 1:15

Description:

After the French and Indian War, the British turned to the American colonies to pay its war debts. This and other measures were not popular with the colonists and increased tensions between Britain and the colonies
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3860, Salutary Neglect

Jan 15, 2020 1:15

Description:

For many years, Great Britain had a hands-off approach to governing the American colonies. The colonists became used to ruling themselves. All this changed in the mid-1700s, however, when the British began to show a new interest in the colonies as a source of revenue.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3859, Government in the American Colonies

Jan 14, 2020 1:15

Description:

In each of the American colonies, the powers of the colonial governments were divided among three branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3858, Government of the Thirteen Colonies

Jan 13, 2020 1:15

Description:

In creating colonial governments, the American colonists tried to protect themselves from abuse of power by the British government and their colonial governments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3857, Government of the Thirteen Colonies

Jan 12, 2020 1:15

Description:

In creating colonial governments, the American colonists tried to protect themselves from abuse of power by the British government and their colonial governments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3856, The English Bill of Rights

Jan 11, 2020 1:15

Description:

The English Bill of Rights gave certain rights to Parliament that further limited the powers of the monarch. American colonists would later bring these ideas about limited government with them to the new world.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3855, The Petition of Right

Jan 10, 2020 1:15

Description:

After the creation of Parliament, the royalty, nobility, and the common people struggled for power. In 1628, King Charles I was forced to sign the Petition of Right, which strengthened the idea that English subjects had certain rights that government could not violate.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3854, Parliament

Jan 9, 2020 1:15

Description:

Important changes in English government during the middle ages caused the establishment of two important principles: separation of powers and representative government, which were embodied by Parliament, with its House of Lords and House of Commons.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3853, Impact of the Magna Carta

Jan 8, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Magna Carta confirmed certain traditional rights of the nobility. It is an early example of government by contract. This concept influenced the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3852, The Magna Carta

Jan 7, 2020 1:15

Description:

The Magna Carta contains two important ideas that influenced the American Founders: (1) government is based on a contract between the ruler and people to be ruled and (2) both government and the governed must obey the law.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3851, Sharing of Power in the Feudal System

Jan 6, 2020 1:15

Description:

Even under the feudal system of England, monarchs began to share power with the nobility, who then shared power with their vassals. The vassals owed the nobility allegiance and military service. For the system to work, it depended on a series of agreements or contracts. Each side had rights and responsibilities. This principle of government based on contract would later contribute to the American political system.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3850, William the Conqueror and the Feudal System in England

Jan 5, 2020 1:15

Description:

William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066 and introduced a system for governing called feudalism. In this episode of 60-Second Civics, we explore how English society was arranged under the feudal system and the roles of the royalty, nobility, and the common people.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3849, English Law and the American Colonies

Jan 4, 2020 1:15

Description:

Concepts of English law, such as common law and the rights of Englishmen, applied to the American colonists. This and The American colonists' experiences with British government greatly influenced what they thought about limited government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3848, The Rights of Englishmen

Jan 3, 2020 1:15

Description:

American colonists had the rights of Englishmen, at least in theory. These included the right to a trial by jury, security from unlawful entry into one's home, and no taxation without consent.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3847, Checking the Power of Congress

Jan 2, 2020 1:15

Description:

The American Constitution gives the executive and judicial branches ways to check and control the power of Congress to make laws.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3846, Checks and Balances

Jan 1, 2020 1:15

Description:

According to the U.S. Constitution, Congress is the legislative branch of government. It makes the laws. Congress is divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate. Each chamber has a role in making laws. The powers of American government are balanced among the three branches. Each branch checks the powers of the others. This is known as checks and balances.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3845, Three Branches of Government

Dec 31, 2019 1:15

Description:

Article I of the Constitution establishes Congress as the legislative branch of government, Article II establishes the executive branch, and Article III establishes the judicial branch.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3844, Divided and Balanced Power

Dec 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

Alexander Hamilton said, "Give all power to the many, they will oppress the few. Give all power to the few, they will oppress the many." Constitutional governments are designed to protect the people from abuses of government power.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3843, Constitutional Governments Limit Power

Dec 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

In constitutional governments, the constitution limits the power of government and those who hold office. The American Constitution limits government in several ways.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3842, A Constitution Is a Higher Law

Dec 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

A constitution is a higher law, which means that all the people, including government officials, must obey the law.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3841, What Constitutional Government Means

Dec 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

Just because a nation has a constitution does not mean that it has a constitutional government. A constitutional government limits the powers of those who run the government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3840, A Basic Introduction to Constitutions

Dec 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

A constitution is a legal framework for government that tells how a government is organized and run, but constitutions do not have to be written.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3839, Lessons from the Roman Republic

Dec 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

The American Founders promoted civic virtue and other ideals of the Roman Republic throughout the colonies. The American Founders believed in republican government, a government where the people elected their representatives who served the people in pursuit of the common good. By the time of the Revolution, Americans thought that the British government was guilty of serving selfish interests at the expense of the common good.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3838, Civic Virtue in the American Colonies

Dec 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

The American Founders believed that civic virtue was required in order for republican government to work. Civic virtue means putting the common good before one's own personal interests. These values were passed on to young Americans in the founding period and beyond in school and through lessons passed down through parents and the clergy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3837, James Madison on Civic Virtue

Dec 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

James Madison, one of the principal writers of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, understood the importance of civic virtue to good government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3836, Civic Virtue Makes Republican Government Possible

Dec 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

The American Founders learned from ancient Rome that republican government was possible only because of the high degree of civic virtue of Roman citizens. They believed that civic virtue was important to make American government work well, too.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3835, The American Cincinnatus

Dec 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

George Washington was referred to as "our Cincinnatus" by Americans because he exemplified the civic virtue displayed by the Roman general.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3834, Cincinnatus and Civic Virtue

Dec 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

The American Founders believed that the Roman leader Cincinnatus represented a model of civic virtue that should be emulated by Americans.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3833, A Republic, Not a Direct Democracy

Dec 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

James Madison said that members of government should be elected by a large number of the people rather than by a small number or a favored group. He favored a republican form of government, also known as a representative democracy, rather than a direct democracy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3832, Republican Government vs. Direct Democracy

Dec 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

James Madison, often called the "Father of the Constitution," adapted the idea of republican government from ancient Rome to the reality of American life.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3831, Would Republican Government Work in the Colonies?

Dec 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

From their study of the history of the Roman Republic, the American Founders worried that republican government might not work in the colonies. From the Roman example, the Founders observed that republican government works best in small communities, where people know and care for each other and the common good.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3830, More Advantages of Representative Government, Continued

Dec 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

America's Founders favored republican government, where the people govern through elected representatives, over direct democracy, where people make all the laws themselves.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3829, Advantages of Representative Government

Dec 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

The American Founders thought a republican form of government was the best form of government they could create for the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3828, Republican Government

Dec 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

The American Founders read a great deal about the Roman Republic and learned lessons from history about how Rome organized its government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3827, The Social Contract

Dec 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

John Locke's social contract theory came from his idea that in a state of nature, people had to find a way to protect each person's rights. They therefore banded together under an agreement, called the social contract. This would create a government that would have the power to make and enforce laws.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3826, John Locke and the State of Nature

Dec 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

The writings of the English philosopher John Locke were very influential among America's Founders. Locke developed his ideas about government by imagining life in a state of nature, which is a state in which no laws or government exist at all. In a state of nature, all people have certain inalienable rights, but these rights were constantly in danger of being taken away, so people would naturally band together and form a civil society and later a government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3825, John Locke and the State of Nature

Dec 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

The writings of the English philosopher John Locke were very influential among America's Founders. Locke developed his ideas about government by imagining life in a state of nature, which is a state in which no laws or government exist at all. In a state of nature, all people have certain inalienable rights, but these rights were constantly in danger of being taken away, so people would naturally band together and form a civil society and later a government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3824, John Locke and America's Founders

Dec 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

America's Founders were influenced by the English philosopher John Locke, who arrived at his ideas by imagining what life might be like if people were living in a state of nature.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3823, Founders and Framers

Dec 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

The American Founders learned about government from reading history and philosophy and from their own experience of self-government as colonists within the British Empire. The term "Framers" refers to the people who wrote the Constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3822, American Colonists Valued Their Freedom

Dec 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

American colonists considered themselves to be a self-sufficient, virtuous, and hardworking people. They valued their freedoms, and sought to protect them in their founding documents, such as the Massachusetts Body of Liberties of 1641.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3821, Who Was Allowed to Vote in Colonial America?

Dec 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

Not everyone in colonial America enjoyed the same opportunities to gain wealth or to become leaders. Native Americans, African Americans, white men without property, and women were typically not allowed to vote or hold office.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3820, Class Differences in the American Colonies

Dec 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

The differences between the rich and the poor in the American colonies were less important than they were in Europe. Poor Americans could become wealthy, and a person did not have to be wealthy to hold a position in government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3819, American Colonists

Dec 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

Most American colonists were descendants of British or Irish settlers, but compared to most European nations of the time, the colonists were quite diverse.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3818, Slavery in the American Colonies

Dec 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

Enslaved Africans were originally brought to the American colonies in 1619. As many as 7 million slaves were brought against their will into the American colonies during the eighteenth century.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3817, Self-Sufficiency in the American Colonies

Dec 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

The early American colonists were remarkably self-sufficient.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3816, Self-Sufficiency in the American Colonies

Dec 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

The early American colonists were remarkably self-sufficient.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3815, Cities and Farms in Colonial America

Dec 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Boston, New York, and Philadelphia were the largest cities in the American colonies during the eighteenth century, but most American colonists did not live in cities.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3814, A Large Country

Nov 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

The British colonies in North America were large in land area compared to the nations of Europe at the time.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3813, Early America

Nov 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

Along the eastern seacoast, where the British colonists settled, the native people lived in well-organized tribes known as the Eastern Woodland tribes.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3812, Evaluating Our Commitment to Fundamental Principles

Nov 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

Each generation must examine and evaluate the nation's fundamental principles. The American Founders themselves were vigorous critics of the wisdom that they had inherited and the principles in which they believed.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3811, Frequent Recurrence to Fundamental Principles

Nov 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Mason's idea of "frequent recurrence to fundamental principles" in today's 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3810, The Revolutions of 1989

Nov 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

The victory of Solidarity over Polish communism inspired similar victories, known as the Revolutions of 1989, in neighboring Soviet satellites in Central and Eastern Europe.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3809, Ideas Do Matter

Nov 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

The British economist John Maynard Keynes once remarked that "in the long run it is ideas and not men who rule the world."
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3808, Frequent Recurrence to Fundamental Principles

Nov 24, 2019 1:28

Description:

The United States began as a test to see if certain ideas about government, many never before tried on such a scale or in such a way, would work.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3807, Technology and Globalization

Nov 23, 2019 1:28

Description:

Technology has had the greatest effect on globalization. Technological innovations provide consumers, investors, and businesses with virtually instant access to important information for making decisions.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3806, Farther, Faster, Cheaper, and Deeper

Nov 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

New York Times foreign affairs columnist Thomas Friedman described the current wave of globalization as "farther, faster, cheaper, and deeper."
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3805, Growth of World Trade

Nov 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

Globalization sprang into public consciousness in the late twentieth century. It refers to the global economy and the effects of worldwide economic interdependence on cultures, social relations, and politics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3804, Influence Begins With Knowledge

Nov 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

The United States was traditionally isolationist until World War II and the Cold War. Despite the worldwide involvement of the United States, many Americans are not well-informed about other countries, world affairs, or how the United States is perceived in other parts of the world.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3803, Your Power Over International Affairs

Nov 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

You can make a difference in world affairs. Find out how in today's episode of 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3802, How to Influence Foreign Policy

Nov 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

Can ordinary Americans influence foreign policy? You bet!
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3801, International Court of Justice

Nov 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

The International Court of Justice, also known as the World Court, issues advisory opinions at the request of the United Nations. However, the United States accepts the jurisdiction and decisions of the court only on a case-by-case basis.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3800, Political Divisions Hamper the UN Security Council

Nov 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

The United Nations was founded with the assumption that the five permanent members of the Security Council would come together in the face of threats to international order. This hope soon proved illusory, however.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3799, America's Prominent Role in the United Nations

Nov 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

The United States has a prominent role in the United Nations. The headquarters of the U.N. are in New York, and the U.S. is a permanent member of the security council.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3798, Origins of the United Nations

Nov 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

The United Nations grew from discussions among the Allies during World War II about the need for an international organization to prevent future aggression.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3797, The United Nations

Nov 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

The League of Nations failed, largely because the United states refused to join, but the United States abandoned its previous isolationism and agreed to join 50 other countries to form the United Nations in 1945.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3796, The Amistad Case

Nov 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

In 1839, African captives seized control of the Amistad from their Spanish slaveholders and their ship was taken to a port in Connecticut. The Supreme Court would decide whether they would be returned to the Spanish or freed. Learn what happened in the Amistad case in this episode of 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3795, Limitations of International Law

Nov 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn that there are severe limitations to the effectiveness of international law.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3794, Changing Perceptions of International Law

Nov 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

International law has been traditionally thought of as applying to relationships between nations, but individuals have at least some status under international law.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3793, International Law

Nov 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

International law can be defined as the rules that govern how nations interact with each other.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3792, The President's Authority Over Diplomacy

Nov 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

The president has a great deal of constitutional authority over diplomacy, including the authority to receive ambassadors, thereby establishing diplomatic relations.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3791, Historical Wrangling over the President's War Powers

Nov 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

The debate over the president's war powers goes back to Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton and the Barbary Wars, which began in 1801.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3790, Treaty-Making Power and the States

Nov 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

Treaties made by the federal government are the supreme law of the land. As such, they limit the powers of states.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3789, The Origin of Treaty-Making Powers

Nov 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

Two-thirds of the Senate must approve any treaty negotiated by the president. But originally, the Framers of the Constitution assumed that treaty-making power would reside in the Senate, not the executive.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3788, The Shared Power to Make Treaties

Nov 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

Treaty-making is a shared power. Treaties are negotiated by the president with the assistance of the State Department. The Senate has the power to ratify treaties, and funds for their implementation are provided by Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3787, Letters of Marque and Reprisal

Nov 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

Letters of marque and reprisal were historically used by Congress to allow private raids on merchant ships of enemy nations.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3786, The Warmaking Powers of Congress

Nov 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Framers of the Constitution debated which branch of government should have the power to make war. They ultimately decided that Congress should have the power to declare war, but that the president would be commander in chief.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3785, Distrust of Standing Armies

Nov 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

On today's episode, learn why the Framers mistrusted standing armies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3784, Powers of Congress to Deal with Other Nations

Oct 31, 2019 1:15

Description:

Congress has important powers to regulate trade with foreign nations. Learn how in this episode.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3783, Is Isolationism a Realistic Option?

Oct 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

The United States has been actively involved with the rest of the world throughout its history.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3782, A Strained Alliance with France

Oct 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

Despite French help during the American Revolution, Americans in the early republic were deeply divided over whether to support France in its war against Great Britain.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3781, International Involvement in the Early Republic

Oct 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

Americans have been involved in international affairs since the earliest days of the republic.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3780, International Relations

Oct 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

Involvement with other countries is an inescapable part of American life.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3779, The Constitutional Convention as a Model of Civil Discourse

Oct 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

Civil discourse means reasoned discussion of political topics rather than emotional display. It's a skill practiced by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention that can be used today to bridge the partisan divide.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3778, Civil Discourse

Oct 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

America is a land of vigorous debate, but this can sometimes degenerate into personal attacks and deliberate falsehoods. Learn about the value of civil discourse on today's 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3777, The Role of Government

Oct 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

Alexis de Tocqueville wrote that Americans mistrust government and turn to it only when they have to. Nevertheless, since World War II Americans increasingly looked to government to provide a social safety net.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3776, Opportunities and Perils in the Information Age

Oct 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Better technology does not mean that Americans are better informed. Find out why on this episode of 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3775, Electronic Communications and Participation

Oct 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

Americans have more ways than ever to monitor and participate in government, from court hearings, to debates on legislation on the floor of the House of Representatives, to city council meetings.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3774, A Nation of Immigrants

Oct 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

Americans' ancestors came from nearly every nation on earth, but we vigorously debate immigration policy and the effects immigrants have on American culture.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3773, E Pluribus Unum

Oct 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

E Pluribus Unum means "Out of Many, One." The United States has tried to attain this goal by balancing a diverse society with a common civic culture and constitutional ideals.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3772, Demographic Change

Oct 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

The American people have changed since 1860. Population centers have moved south and west and life expectancy has increased. But scientists have recently noticed a disturbing new trend.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3771, Changing America

Oct 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

The United States is changing. The Census Bureau expects that by 2050, the population of the country will be more ethnically diverse than ever.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3770, Two United Nations Covenants

Oct 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

Two important United Nations covenants protect human rights, but the United States has never fully ratified either of them.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3769, The UN Declaration of Human Rights and Its Limitations

Oct 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

The UN Declaration of Human Rights contains aspirational goals, including the rights to an adequate standard of living, healthcare, housing, and education.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3768, Extended Rights in the Universal Declaration

Oct 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights strengthens or elaborates rights that are expressed more generally in such fundamental American documents as the Constitution and Bill of Rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3767, American Influence on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Oct 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

Several guarantees in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights echo seminal American documents, such as equal protection of the laws and freedom of religion, speech, assembly, and assocation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3766, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Oct 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was influenced by our Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3765, Universal Human Rights

Oct 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Depression and the widespread violations of human rights during World War II provided a new urgency to protecting human rights through domestic legislation and international agreements.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3764, The Rights and Duties of the People

Oct 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Japanese Constitution of 1946 includes both the rights of the people and certain duties that might surprise you.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3763, Charters of Human Rights

Oct 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Bill of Rights is still relevant. And international recognition of rights have expanded over the years since 1791.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3762, Constitutional Courts

Oct 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

How do you promote constitutional principles and fundamental rights? Through judicial review.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3761, Judicial review by an independent judiciary is among the principal achievements of American constitutionalism abroad.

Oct 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Bill of Rights and Judicial Review
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3760, The Power of the Bill of Rights

Oct 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Bill of Rights protects all Americans. Learn how on today's 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3759, American Federalism

Oct 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

American federalism was an innovation that has been a model for systems of government throughout the world.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3758, The Perils of Presidentialism

Oct 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

There are risks associated with presidential systems.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3757, Fear of a Strong Executive

Oct 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about the difference between American presidents and other heads of government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3756, Presidential Government

Oct 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we explore the differences between America's presidential system and the parliamentary system used by countries such as the United Kingdom.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3755, Written Constitutions

Oct 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

The U.S. Constitution set an important standard for national constitutions throughout the world.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3754, Influence of the Declaration of Independence

Oct 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Many nations were influenced by the American Declaration of Independence. Learn how on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3753, Vaclav Havel

Sep 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

Vaclav Havel was originally known as a writer and dissident. He later was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Learn what he had to say about American democracy in today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3752, American Ideas Spread

Sep 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn about America's influence on other governments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3751, Influence of American Constitutional Principles

Sep 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about America's influence on the world.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3750, LGBT Rights

Sep 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about the LGBT community's fight for rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3749, Equal Rights Amendment

Sep 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Equal Rights Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3748, Native American Activism

Sep 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about issues that affect Native American people and communities.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3747, The Struggle for Civil Rights Continues

Sep 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about the civil rights movement on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3746, In Defense of Civil Disobedience

Sep 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn why some people defend civil disobedience.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3745, Criticism of Civil Disobedience

Sep 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn why some are critics of civil disobedience.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3744, Civil Disobedience

Sep 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn how civil disobedience can play a role in civic engagement.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3743, Shelby County v. Holder

Sep 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn how Shelby County v. Holder changed the Voting Rights Act.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3742, Voting Rights Act of 1965

Sep 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a step in the right direction, but it did not protect voting rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3741, Three Lesser-Known Civil Rights Acts

Sep 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about three lesser-known civil rights acts.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3740, The Civil Rights Act of 1964

Sep 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3739, The Civil Rights Movement Gains Support

Sep 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

In 1963, the civil rights movement gained momentum.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3738, Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr.

Sep 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast: The Montgomery bus boycott
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3737, Nonviolent Direct Action

Sep 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

Nonviolent direct action was a tactic used by the American civil rights movement and by Indians in their struggle for independence from Great Britain.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3736, Jim Crow laws

Sep 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

Jim Crow laws were designed to limit the rights and freedoms of African Americans
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3735, Desegregation and Violence

Sep 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

Violence plagued the South in the years following desegregation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3734, Brown v. Board of Education

Sep 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

It took more than Brown v. Board of Education to end segregation in the schools.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3733, Segregation

Sep 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about segregation and Brown v. Board of Education.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3732, Commitment to the Common Good

Sep 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

The common good was a key feature of classical republicanism.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3731, Enlightened Self-Interest

Sep 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about enlightened self-interest.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3730, Making It Easier to Vote

Sep 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 21 states now allow some form of electronic voting.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3729, Absentee Voting

Sep 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

There are a growing number of ways to vote in most states.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3728, Voting

Sep 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

In order for popular sovereignty and representative government to work, citizens have to vote.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3727, Presidential Commissions

Sep 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

More ways of influencing the national government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3726, Participation in National Government

Sep 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

You can have an effect on national politics. Learn how on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3725, Involvement in State Government

Sep 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

Yes, you too can be involved in state government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3724, Local Governments

Sep 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we talk about the benefits of participating in local government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3723, Service Organizations and NGOs

Aug 31, 2019 1:15

Description:

You've heard of Kiwanis, Jaycees, and Lions Clubs, but what do these organizations do? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3722, Religious and Social Organizations

Aug 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn how religious and social organizations contribute to civic life on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3721, Voluntary Associations

Aug 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn what Alexis de Tocqueville noticed about American civic life.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3720, Participating in Civic Life

Aug 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about some of the benefits to participation in civic life.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3719, Undocumented Immigrants

Aug 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

Undocumented immigration is one of the most controversial issues in American politics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3718, Responsibilities Shared by Citizens and Noncitizens

Aug 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

Everyone who lives in the United States, both citizens and noncitizens, have certain responsibilities.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3716, Voting and Citizenship

Aug 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

Being a citizen didn't always mean that a person has the right to vote.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3715, Most Rights Apply to Everyone

Aug 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Most rights in the United States apply to everyone who lives here.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3714, Voluntarily Renouncing U.S. Citizenship

Aug 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

Voluntarily renouncing U.S. citizenship has serious consequences.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3713, How to Lose U.S. Citizenship

Aug 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today on 60-Second Civics we learn how a person can lose U.S. citizenship.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3712, Controversy Surrounding Dual Citizenship

Aug 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we explore arguments for and against dual national citizenship.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3711, Dual Citizenship

Aug 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

What is dual citizenship?
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3710, Tribal Recognition

Aug 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

The process of officially recognizing a Native American tribe can take decades to complete.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3709, Indian Citizenship Act

Aug 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3708, Vacillating Policy Toward Indian Tribes

Aug 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

The United States vacillated between respecting Native American sovereignty and seeking to dismantle tribal governments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3707, Naturalization

Aug 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about naturalization.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3706, Unity Within Diversity

Aug 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Fourteenth Amendment and citizenship.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3705, Citizenship and the Founders

Aug 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

One of the primary goals of Framers like James Madison was that Americans felt loyalty to the United States, not just their individual states.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3704, Citizenship in Early America

Aug 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

Americans originally thought of themselves as citizens only of their states, not of the United States as whole.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3703, Enlightened Self-Interest

Aug 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

What is enlightened self-interest? We'll find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3702, Alexis de Tocqueville

Aug 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn how Alexis de Tocqueville thought Americans had reconciled self-interest with civic participation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3701, Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Aug 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

Jean-Jacques Rousseau's thoughts on the benefits of education for citizenship.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3700, Aristotle, Cicero, and Locke

Aug 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we explore natural republicanism and natural rights philosophy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3699, Civic Virtue and Self-Interest

Aug 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Founders stressed the importance of religion and education in reconciling the need for both civic virtue and self-interest.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3698, Natural Rights Philosophy and Citizenship

Aug 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we explore how natural rights philosophy influenced America's Founders.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3697, Citizenship and the Common Good

Aug 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

Early on, Americans experienced their interdependence and their need to work for the common good.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3696, The Death Penalty

Aug 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today's podcast explores the death penalty in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3695, The Right to Appeal

Aug 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

If you are convicted of a crime, you have the right to appeal your conviction.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3694, Excessive Fines and Cruel and Unusual Punishments

Aug 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the protections of the Eighth Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3693, Double Jeopardy

Aug 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we explore a bedrock principle of American justice: double jeopardy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3692, Jury Verdicts and Representation

Jul 31, 2019 1:15

Description:

In England, verdicts in criminal cases had to be unanimous. That changed when English law was adapted by Americans.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3691, Two Problems With Juries

Jul 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we explore two problems with jury trials in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3690, Procedural Rights During Trial

Jul 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

What are your procedural rights during a criminal trial? Find out on today's episode.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3689, Speedy Public Trial

Jul 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

Why should trials be speedy or public? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3688, Trial by Media

Jul 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today, criminal defendants in high-profile cases face another sort of trial: trial by media.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3687, The Right to Counsel

Jul 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today, the podcast explores the right to counsel and why it is necessary in an adversary system.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3686, Bail

Jul 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

What is bail? What is its purpose? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3685, Indictment

Jul 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn all about indictments on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3684, Plea Agreements

Jul 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Plea agreements are more common than you might think.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3683, Protecting Rights Before Trial

Jul 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments protect people accused of crimes between arrest and trial.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3682, Federalism and Criminal Procedure

Jul 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

The majority of rights in the Bill of Rights focus on people accused of crime.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3681, Procedural Rights

Jul 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn the fundamental premise of the American system of justice.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3680, Do Miranda Warnings Handcuff Police?

Jul 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

Do Miranda warnings handcuff the police? We explore the topic on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3679, Miranda Rights

Jul 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

You have the right to remain silent. Sound familiar? Today we discuss the Miranda warning.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3678, James Madison and Self-Incrimination

Jul 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

James Madison originally wanted the protections of the self-incrimination clause to be more expansive.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3677, Self-Incrimination and Public Proceedings

Jul 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

What does it mean to "take the Fifth"? We find out on today's episode.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3676, Right Against Self-Incrimination

Jul 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Fifth Amendment protects you from being forced to testify against yourself.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3675, Use Immunity

Jul 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

What is "use immunity"? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3674, When Warrants Are Not Required

Jul 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn when warrants are not required.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3673, Alternatives to the Exclusionary Rule

Jul 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we explore three suggestions for dealing with police misconduct that avoids losing valuable evidence in court.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3672, Deterring Police Misconduct

Jul 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

The exclusionary rule was designed to deter police misconduct.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3671, Mapp v. Ohio

Jul 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

The 1961 case if Mapp v. Ohio extended the exclusionary rule to state courts.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3670, The Exclusionary Rule

Jul 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

The 1914 Supreme Court case Weeks v. United States established the very important "exclusionary rule" that determines how evidence is used in court.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3669, Exceptions to the Warrant Requirement

Jul 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

Though required in most cases, there are specific circumstances in which a warrant is not necessary.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3668, Probable Cause

Jul 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

Probable cause, which must be proven to obtain a warrant, is required to meet a specific set of criteria.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3667, Unreasonable Searches and Seizures

Jul 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

A protection against unreasonable searches and seizures is necessary for a free society.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3666, Fourth Amendment and Technology

Jul 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

New advances in technology are constantly changing the way we understand our right to privacy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3665, Privacy

Jul 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Fourth Amendment does not make specific claims about privacy, but America has evolved to uphold certain standards.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3664, Fourth Amendment

Jul 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Fourth Amendment is concerned with how authorities conduct criminal investigations.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3663, Search and Seizure

Jul 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

John Adams and the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 helped shape the right to privacy we know today.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3662, John Adams and James Otis

Jul 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

John Adams helped lawyer James Otis rise to public prominence and become a figure of the American Revolution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3661, James Otis Fights General Warrants

Jun 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

In 1761, Colonial lawyer James Otis attempted to fight parliament's request for a new general warrant.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3660, General Warrants and the American Revolution

Jun 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

The British government's use of general warrants on the American colonies was part of the spark leading to the American Revolution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3659, General Warrants in the Colonies

Jun 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

Though general warrants were illegal under British common law, that didn't stop Parliament from implementing them in the colonies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3658, A Man's Home Is His Castle

Jun 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

The English common law observance of the right to privacy in one's home created the phrase "a man's home is his castle."
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3657, Freedom of Association and American Citizenship

Jun 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

Scholar Alexis de Tocqueville had many keen observations about the implications of the right to assemble on American society.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3656, Discrimination and Government Interference

Jun 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

If an organization meets certain criteria, it must follow government anti-discrimination laws.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3655, The Right to Associate

Jun 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

The right to associate, while not explicitly stated in the Constitution, has evolved through court precedence.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3654, Time, Place, and Manner Restrictions

Jun 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Court precedence has determined that the right to assemble may be limited if certain time, place, and manner conditions are met.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3653, Civil Rights Movements and Assembly

Jun 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

The civil rights movement of the mid-twentieth century is an example of a group successfully petitioning the government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3652, Women and the Right to Petition

Jun 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

Throughout United States history, women have petitioned the government for a variety of purposes.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3651, Silencing Critics

Jun 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

Several times in the past, the government has silenced petitioners. The treatment of Bonus Army is one example of this.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3650, The Gag Rule and Slavery

Jun 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

In the 1800's, the American political system enacted something known as a "gag rule" in order to maintain slavery in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3649, Adderley v. Florida

Jun 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

The right to petition is broad in scope, as established by the 1966 case Adderley v. Florida.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3648, Petitioning in the Colonies

Jun 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

The right to petition in the United States was carried over from the British parliament
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3647, The Importance of the Rights to Assemble and Petition

Jun 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

The right to petition was a fundamental building block of the early United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3646, The Rights to Petition and Associate

Jun 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

The right to associate, while not mentioned in the First Amendment, has evolved through Supreme Court cases.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3645, Freedom of Assembly

Jun 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

The right of a group to assemble is protected by the First Amendment and helps create governmental change.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3644, The Rights to Assemble, Petition, and Associate

Jun 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

These elements of the First Amendment allow citizens to hold the government accountable for their policies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3643, The Brandenburg Test

Jun 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

This critical Supreme Court decisions helped establish our modern understanding of free speech.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3642, More Limitations on the Power to Restrict Speech

Jun 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

In order for the government to fairly regulate free speech, they must observe certain ethical guidelines.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3641, Limitations on the Power to Restrict Speech

Jun 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

Though the government can regulate certain kinds of speech, there are limitations on just how far those regulations can go.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3640, How Government Regulates Speech

Jun 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

The government regulates speech through regulations, prohibitions, and punishment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3639, More Exceptions to Free Speech

Jun 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

These continued restrictions to free speech include obscenity laws, as well as time, place, and manner restrictions.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3638, Exceptions to Free Speech

Jun 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

Libel, defamation, and incitement to crime are all forms of speech not protected by the First Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3637, Limitations to Free Speech

Jun 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

The freedom of speech does have its limits, and many feel certain restrictions are necessary.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3636, Suppression of Unpopular Ideas

Jun 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

Throughout United States history, the freedom of speech has faced several challenges.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3635, John Peter Zenger, Part 2

Jun 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Zenger trial set precedents for jury nullification in addition to freedom of the press.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3634, John Peter Zenger, Part 1

Jun 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

The trial of John Peter Zenger, a colonial printer, set a precedent for today's libel laws.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3633, A Free Press in the Early Republic

Jun 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

The First Amendment was created in part to help ease fears that the government would manipulate the press.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3632, Seditious Libel

Jun 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

In colonial America, the press was heavily restricted by the British Crown.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3631, Libel in the Colonial Era

May 31, 2019 1:15

Description:

The early American colonies had specific ideas about the freedom of speech.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3630, English Origins of Free Expression

May 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

How early British thought influenced American views on the freedom of speech.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3629, Benefits of Freedom of Expression, Part 2

May 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

In addition to promoting individual liberties, the freedom of expression helps boost representative government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3628, Benefits of Freedom of Expression, Part 1

May 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

The freedom of expression can benefit the people in many ways.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3627, Arguments for Free Expression

May 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Founders' multi-faceted logic for ensuring the right to freedom of speech.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3626, Whatever Happened to the Lemon Test?

May 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about Lemon v. Kurtzman and how it has evolved.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3625, Justice O'Connor on Free Exercise

May 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Supreme Court case Rosenberger v. University of Virginia helped establish the idea of "bedrock principles."
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3624, Two Cases Test the Free Exercise Clause

May 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

These two Supreme Court cases helped establish the bounds of the free exercise clause.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3623, Testing Whether a Law Violates the Free Exercise Clause

May 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

In order to determine if a law is in violation of the free exercise clause, the courts must ask themselves certain questions.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3622, Limiting Free Exercise of Religion

May 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

In certain cases, the court will find it necessary to interfere with the free exercise of religion.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3621, The Free Exercise Clause

May 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

The free exercise clause is another element of the First Amendment that protects religious freedoms.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3620, Arguments over the Establishment Clause

May 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

The continuing disagreements about the separation of church and state.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3619, Interpreting the Establishment Clause

May 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

People hold differing views about what rights the establishment clause gives and takes away.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3618, The Establishment Clause

May 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

How this important piece of the Constitution came to be, and how it has been interpreted over time.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3717, Freedom of Religion

May 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

A changing religious landscape in the 18th century helped shape the First Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3616, Separation of Church and State

May 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

How the United States established itself as a haven for religious freedom.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3615, The Reformation

May 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

Before the United States was founded, religious turmoil in Europe paved a path for a religiously free nation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3614, Ignorance of the Bill of Rights

May 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

A 1991 survey of Americans revealed that not many know about the history and significance of the Bill of Rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3613, A Nauseous Project

May 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

Though we take it for granted today, the Bill of Rights presented many challengers to our Founders.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3612, The Constitution As a Bill of Rights

May 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

In addition to amendments, the Constitution itself was written to protect certain freedoms.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3611, Third Amendment

May 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Third Amendment ensures that soldiers won't be quartered in civilian homes during peacetime.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3610, Second Amendment

May 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

How the Second Amendment continues to be interpreted in many ways.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3609, Positive and Negative Rights

May 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

These categories of rights determine whether the government must act or be restricted.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3608, Economic and Political Rights

May 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

The right to own property, to work, and to be civically engaged.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3607, Personal Rights

May 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

Understanding our freedom to think, act, and speak as we choose.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3606, Rights

May 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

What does it mean to have rights? Where do our rights come from?
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3605, State Bills of Rights

May 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

How each state developed its own constitution and bill of rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3604, Limitations on Government in the Virginia Declaration of Rights

May 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Virginia Declaration of Rights was a trailblazing document that informed our Bill of Rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3603, The Virginia Declaration of Rights

May 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

Virginia was the first state to include a bill of rights in its constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3602, Ordinary Legislation vs. a Bill of Rights

May 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

The English Bill of Rights of 1689 is important for understanding the evolution of bills of rights in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3601, Early Documents That Established Rights

May 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Before the U.S. Bill of Rights, there were a few other documents that helped pave the way for the protection of individual liberties.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3600, The Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Amendments

Apr 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

These final pieces of the Bill of Rights deal with crime, punishment, and states rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3599, The Sixth and Seventh Amendments

Apr 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

Your right to an attorney, a fair trial, and more in these two amendments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3598, The Fourth and Fifth Amendments

Apr 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

These Constitutional Amendments help protect the rights of those convicted of a crime
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3597, The First Three Amendments

Apr 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

These three Constitutional amendments protect some of our most fundamental rights as citizens.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3596, The Bill of Rights

Apr 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

What is included in the Bill of Rights and how does it protect our individual liberties?
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3595, State Action on Climate Change

Apr 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

How are the states reacting to climate change and implementing environmental policy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3594, Referendum and Recall

Apr 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

These two processes can create new laws, and remove elected officials from power.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3593, Ballot Initiatives

Apr 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Initiative, referendum, recall are a trio of methods, begun during the Progressive era of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which allow citizens to participate in direct democracy in their states.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3592, Laboratories of Democracy

Apr 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

How state laws can break new ground for country-wide change.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3591, Johnson vs. Nixon

Apr 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

How these two mid-century presidents changed the relationship between federal and local spending.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3590, How the Depression Changed Government

Apr 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Great Depression changed the relationship between the federal government and state governments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3589, Grants in Aid

Apr 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

How federal and state cooperation raised funds and moved the U.S. capital.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3588, Interstate Commerce and Drug Policy

Apr 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

How federal and local authorities conflict over commerce and drug regulations.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3587, Regulation of Commerce

Apr 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

Regulation of commerce cases demonstrate the kinds of issues that are common in America's system of shared governmental authority.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3586, State Constitutional Amendments

Apr 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

State constitutional amendments often reflect state responses to policy debates occurring throughout the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3585, State Constitutions

Apr 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

Since the first state constitutions were adopted in 1776, state constitutional conventions have resulted in new constitutions being adopted some 144 times.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3584, Home Rule

Apr 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

From the Gilded Age to Dillon's Rule: How local governments have changed over time.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3583, Municipal Governments

Apr 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

There are three broad categories of local governments in the United States: Counties, municipalities, and special districts.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3582, County Governments

Apr 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

State constitutions give legislatures power to create local governments, which receive charters, or grants of authority, to carry out a wide range of governmental responsibilities.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3581, Lieutenant Governors

Apr 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

Lieutenant governors have been considered the fifth wheel of American politics. In reality, they have important responsibilities.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3580, State Executive and Legislative Branches

Apr 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about the executive and legislative branches of state government on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3579, State Legislatures

Apr 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

Every state has executive, legislative and judicial branches.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3578, State Bills of Rights

Apr 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

State constitutions have a lot in common.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3577, The Police Powers of States

Apr 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about the police powers of states on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3576, Police Powers Explained

Apr 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

What are the police powers of a state? Hint: they involve more than policing.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3575, States Play an Important Role

Apr 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

States play an important role in the structure and operation of the U.S. government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3574, States and the National Government

Apr 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

State governments and reserved powers.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3573, Changing the Size of the Supreme Court

Apr 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

Congress can change the size of the Supreme Court.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3572, Kelo v. New London

Apr 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

Kelo v. New London and eminent domain.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3571, Five Rules of Justiciability

Apr 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Do you know the five rules of justiciability? You will after this podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3570, Limiting the Role of Judges

Mar 31, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Framers of the Constitution wanted federal courts to have limited jurisdiction.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3569, Congress and States Check the Supreme Court

Mar 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

Both Congress and the states can check the power of the Supreme Court.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3568, Presidents and Enforcement of Supreme Court Decisions

Mar 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

Sometimes, presidents balk at having to enforce Supreme Court decisions.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3567, Presidential Influence Over the Supreme Court

Mar 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

How do Supreme Court justices get nominated? Find out on today's episode.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3566, Limits on the Power of the Supreme Court

Mar 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

Are there limits on the power of the Supreme Court? We find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3565, Fundamental Principles and Modernism

Mar 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we look at the fundamental principles and modernism approaches to constitutional interpretation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3564, Strict Construction and Original Intent

Mar 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we examine the strict construction and original intent methods of constitutional interpretation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3563, Written Opinions of the Supreme Court

Mar 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the function of written opinions of the Supreme Court.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3562, Debate Over Interpretation

Mar 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Scalia and Breyer's views on how the Constitution should be interpreted.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3561, Writs of Certiorari

Mar 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

What is a writ of certiorari? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3560, Appellate Jurisdiction

Mar 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

Do you know the difference between original and appellate jurisdiction?
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3559, Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

Mar 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about the appellate and original jurisdiction on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3558, Federal Courts

Mar 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we present a one-minute overview the powers of federal courts under Article III of the Constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3557, The Public as Watchdogs

Mar 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

The public can serve as watchdogs of administrative agencies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3556, Courts and Federalism Check Administrative Agencies

Mar 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

The courts and our federal system check the power of administrative agencies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3555, Congressional Oversight of Administrative Agencies

Mar 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

The president has appointment powers, but Congress has the power to oversee administrative agencies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3554, Checks on the Powers of Administrative Agencies

Mar 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about checks on the power of administrative agencies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3553, Patronage vs. Civil Service

Mar 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

In general, public employees can't be fired for refusing to support the political party in power.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3552, Political Appointees

Mar 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

Political appointees are a powerful resource for incoming presidents.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3551, Civil Service Reform

Mar 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

The civil service system has been reformed several times.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3550, Creation of the Civil Service

Mar 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

How was the civil service created? The answer might surprise you.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3549, Bureaucracy

Mar 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

More on the bureaucracy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3548, Expanding and Contracting Bureaucracy

Mar 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

Sometimes, the bureaucracy shrinks. Learn about the expanding and shrinking of federal agencies on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3547, The Growth of Bureaucracy

Mar 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

What has caused the federal bureaucracy to grow over time? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3546, Limits on the Power of Administrative Agencies

Mar 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

Administrative agencies are powerful, but their power is limited. Find out how on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3545, Powerful Administrative Agencies

Mar 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

Administrative agencies are powerful. Find out why on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3544, Independent Agencies

Mar 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

Independent Agencies created by Congress have quasi-legislative and judicial powers.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3543, Executive Office of the President

Mar 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

What is the Executive Office of the President? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3542, Executive Departments

Mar 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we begin our exploration of the national bureaucracy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3541, Administrative Agencies

Mar 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we begin our series on the administrative agencies of the federal government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3540, The President and America's Reputation

Mar 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Why is the president the preeminent figure in domestic and international politics? Find out on today's episode.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3539, Congress and the Presidency

Feb 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

What happens if there is a tie in the Electoral College? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3538, The Electoral College

Feb 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

How the Electoral College works.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3537, Differences Between Parliament and Congress

Feb 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

There are critical differences between Parliament and Congress. Learn what these are on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3536, Parliament and the Prime Minister

Feb 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

How do Parliament and the prime minister differ from the American system? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3535, Congress and the Supreme Court Limit the President

Feb 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

Congress, the Supreme Court, and public opinion limit the power of the president.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3534, Congress Can Limit a President's Power

Feb 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Congress has a number of ways to limit the power of presidents.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3533, Checks and Balances on the President's Power

Feb 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

The president's power is limited. Learn how on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3532, Executive Orders

Feb 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

Why have executive orders increased in recent years? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3531, Recommending Legislation to Congress (rebroadcast)

Feb 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

Find out about the president's role in lawmaking on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3530, The Balance of Power (rebroadcast)

Feb 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

Power has been drifting toward the president at the expense of Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3529, Congress and the Court reign in the president

Feb 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

Can Congress and the Supreme Court reign in the power of the president? You bet.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3528, Presidential Power in Emergency and Crisis

Feb 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

What does the Constitution say about presidential powers during emergencies or crisis? The answer may surprise you.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3527, Wars, Emergencies, and FDR (rebroadcast)

Feb 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

With the support of Congress, FDR responded to the multiple crises that occurred during his administration.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3526, Diplomat in Chief (rebroadcast)

Feb 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

How is the president America's diplomat in chief? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3525, The President and Treaties (rebroadcast)

Feb 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

The president can make treaties with the approval of two-thirds of the Senate.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3524, The President As Commander in Chief (rebroadcast)

Feb 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

The president is commander in chief, but only Congress can declare war.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3523, The President and Foreign Affairs (rebroadcast)

Feb 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

The president's power is at its greatest when it comes to foreign affairs.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3522, The President As Leader in Foreign Policy

Feb 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

The president has a number of important powers, but the president's powers are limited in important ways.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3521, Franklin D. Roosevelt

Feb 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

Find out why Franklin D. Roosevelt was arguably the most influential president of the 20th century.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3520, Lincoln, Roosevelt, and Wilson (rebroadcast)

Feb 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

Lincoln, Roosevelt, and Wilson each contributed to the growth of presidential power.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3519, Jefferson and the Use of Presidential Power (rebroadcast)

Feb 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

Thomas Jefferson sought to be a model of republican simplicity.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3518, The Rise of Presidential Power (rebroadcast)

Feb 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

Some scholars trace the rise of the powerful modern presidency to Andrew Jackson.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3517, A Strong President, But Not Too Strong (rebroadcast)

Feb 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Framers of the Constitution wanted the president to be strong, but not too strong
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3516, Above Partisan Politics (rebroadcast)

Feb 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Framers of the Constitution expected presidents to be above partisan bickering. It didn't work out that way.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3515, A President's Inherent Powers (rebroadcast)

Feb 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today: some controversial inherent powers of presidents.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3514, Presidential Power and the Courts (rebroadcast)

Feb 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson's opinion in Youngstown Sheet vs. Sawyer.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3513, Presidential Powers (rebroadcast)

Feb 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

Learn about some of the president's powers on today's 60-Second Civics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3512, Examples of Impeachment (rebroadcast)

Feb 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Seventeen national officers have been impeached since 1792.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3511, Impeachment (rebroadcast)

Jan 31, 2019 1:15

Description:

Any member of the House can initiate impeachment proceedings, but two-thirds of the Senate is required for removal from office.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3510, Investigations and the Balance of Power (rebroadcast)

Jan 30, 2019 1:15

Description:

Congress uses its powers of investigation most frequently when the majority are of a different party than the president.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3509, The Power to Investigate (rebroadcast)

Jan 29, 2019 1:15

Description:

Congress has conducted hundreds of investigations since 1792.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3508, The Authority of Congress to Conduct Investigations (rebroadcast)

Jan 28, 2019 1:15

Description:

Even though it's not mentioned in the Constitution, Congress has the authority to carry out investigations.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3507, Lobbying (rebroadcast)

Jan 27, 2019 1:15

Description:

Is lobbying dangerous for democracy? Learn about lobbying on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3506, The Role of Constituents (rebroadcast)

Jan 26, 2019 1:15

Description:

Constituents play a vital role in American government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3505, The Executive Branch as a Source for Laws (rebroadcast)

Jan 25, 2019 1:15

Description:

The president has the constitutional authority to recommend measures for congressional consideration.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3504, Ideas for Legislation (rebroadcast)

Jan 24, 2019 1:15

Description:

here is no shortage of sources of ideas for legislation available to members of Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3503, Congress and Individual Rights (rebroadcast)

Jan 23, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the role of Congress in protecting individual rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3502, Lawmaking, Part 5: Persistence and compromise (rebroadcast)

Jan 22, 2019 1:15

Description:

Lawmaking requires compromise.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3501, Lawmaking, Part 4: Conference committees and the veto (rebroadcast)

Jan 21, 2019 1:15

Description:

What happens when the House and Senate versions differ? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3500, Lawmaking, Part 3: The committee vote (rebroadcast)

Jan 20, 2019 1:15

Description:

What happens when a bill is passed by one chamber of Congress? Find out on today's episode.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3499, Lawmaking, Part 2: Mark-up sessions (rebroadcast)

Jan 19, 2019 1:15

Description:

How do congressional committees work? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3498, Lawmaking, Part 1: Introducing a bill (rebroadcast)

Jan 18, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we begin a brief series on how laws are made.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3497, Bills and Resolutions (rebroadcast)

Jan 17, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today on the podcast: simple, joint, and concurrent resolutions.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3496, President Pro Tempore (rebroadcast)

Jan 16, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the president pro tempore of the Senate and the majority whip of the House.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3495, Senate Leadership (rebroadcast)

Jan 15, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the vice president's role in the Senate.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3494, Office of Speaker in England and America (rebroadcast)

Jan 14, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we contrast the speaker of the House of Commons with that of the House of Representatives.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3493, Leadership in the House vs. the Senate (rebroadcast)

Jan 13, 2019 1:15

Description:

The House and Senate have different leadership structures.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3492, A Powerful Speaker of the House (rebroadcast)

Jan 12, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Speaker of the House is a powerful position.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3491, Influence of Political Parties on Congress (rebroadcast)

Jan 11, 2019 1:15

Description:

Political parties have sway in Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3490, Senate Rules (rebroadcast)

Jan 10, 2019 1:15

Description:

The Senate has rules, too. Learn about some of these on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3489, Rules for House Committees (rebroadcast)

Jan 9, 2019 1:15

Description:

Rules, rules, rules. Your mom has them, your school has them, even the House of Representatives has them.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3488, The purpose of congressional committees (rebroadcast)

Jan 8, 2019 1:15

Description:

The careful, deliberative work of Congress often occurs during committee meetings.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3487, The purpose of congressional committees (rebroadcast)

Jan 7, 2019 1:15

Description:

The careful, deliberative work of Congress often occurs during committee meetings.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3486, Casework and legislation (rebroadcast)

Jan 6, 2019 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn how members of Congress serve the public.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3485, Communication with constituents (rebroadcast)

Jan 5, 2019 1:15

Description:

On today's episode, we learn about how members of Congress communicate with their constituents.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3484, Delegate vs. trustee theory of representation (rebroadcast)

Jan 4, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today on the podcast: the delegate vs. trustee theory of representation
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3483, The size of Congress

Jan 3, 2019 1:15

Description:

How large is the U.S. Congress compared to other national legislatures? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3482, Congress composed of 535 legislators

Jan 2, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the size of Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3481, Gerrymandering

Jan 1, 2019 1:15

Description:

Today, it's everyone's least favorite political practice: gerrymandering.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3480, One person, one vote

Dec 31, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the one person, one vote rule.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3479, Legislative districts

Dec 30, 2018 1:15

Description:

What can you do if you don't like the way your congressional district is drawn? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3478, Congress represents the people and the states.

Dec 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Both the people and the states have a voice in Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3477, Inherent powers

Dec 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

The power to conduct investigations and compel testimony goes back to Parliament and the colonial legislatures.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3476, Enforcement powers

Dec 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

The enforcement powers of Congress have been used to enact sweeping civil rights, voting rights, and voting laws.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3475, Necessary and proper

Dec 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

The necessary and proper clause was controversial from the start.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3474, Congress and administrative agencies

Dec 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Congress can both create and oversee administrative agencies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3473, Implied powers of Congress

Dec 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today on 60-Second Civics, McCulloch v. Maryland and the implied powers of Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3472, More enumerated powers of Congress

Dec 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today on the podcast, more enumerated powers of Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3471, Enumerated powers of Congress

Dec 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about enumerated powers of Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3470, How the Bill of Rights limits Congress

Dec 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's episode, learn two ways that the Bill of Rights limits Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3469, How the Framers limited the power of Congress

Dec 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

The Framers of the Constitution mistrusted concentrations of power in government, so they sought to limit the power of Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3468, Federalism in the United States

Dec 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Congress is not only legislature in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3467, Lengths of terms of parliamentarians and members of Congress

Dec 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

Elections to the UK Parliament can occur at irregular intervals, but members of Congress are elected at regular intervals.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3466, Congress is one of three coequal branches

Dec 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

Congress is one of three coequal branches of the U.S. government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3465, Parliamentary government prohibited

Dec 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

The Constitution forbids establishment of a parliamentary system for the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3464, Congress vs. Parliament

Dec 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we compare Congress with Parliament.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3463, The House of Commons

Dec 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the House of Commons.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3462, The House of Lords

Dec 13, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the House of Lords.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3461, The Townshend Acts

Dec 12, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn about the Townshend Acts, and the response to these laws by the Daughters of Liberty.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3460, The Stamp Act Congress

Dec 11, 2018 1:15

Description:

The Stamp Act Congress affirmed the colonists' desire that "no taxes be imposed on them ... but with their own consent."
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3459, The Sons of Liberty

Dec 10, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn about the surprising source of inspiration for the Sons of Liberty: an Anglo-Irish member of Parliament.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3458, The Stamp and Quartering Acts

Dec 9, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn more about the Stamp and Quartering Acts, and why the colonists objected to them.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3457, The Stamp Act

Dec 8, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about the Stamp Act, a very unpopular British law.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3456, The Sugar Act

Dec 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

The Sugar Act hurt the rum industry in the American colonies, stirring up more colonial resentment of British taxation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3455, The Proclamation of 1763 Rankles Colonists

Dec 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Britain's Proclamation of 1763 was the first in a series of actions that angered American colonists, ultimately leading the Revolutionary War.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3454, Salutary Neglect Is Abandoned, Causing Discontent in America

Dec 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

After the Seven Years War, Britain abandoned its policy of "salutary neglect." This was not popular in America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3453, Supreme Court Decisions about the General Welfare Clause

Dec 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

Even today, Americans disagree over the spending powers of Congress.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3452, Controversy over the General Welfare Clause

Dec 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

The Federalists and Anti-Federalists clashed over the interpretation of the general welfare clause.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3451, The Meaning of the "General Welfare"

Dec 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

What does the general welfare clause of the Constitution mean? Today we provide some answers.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3450, Shays' Rebellion and the U.S. Constitution

Dec 1, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we learn some of the results of Shays' Rebellion.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3449, Farmers Demand Relief from Debt after the Revolution

Nov 30, 2018 1:15

Description:

Farmers faced increasing debts after the American Revolution. Land was confiscated and farmers faced prison for failing to pay their debts. This led to social disorder.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3448, Social Disorder After the Revolutionary War (rebroadcast)

Nov 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Decreased demand for agricultural products caused social disorder in the early American republic.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3447, Domestic Tranquility

Nov 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

How does the Constitution support "domestic tranquility"? Find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3446, Corrective Justice

Nov 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Corrective justice has one principal goal: the fair correction of a wrong or injury.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3445, Procedural Justice

Nov 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn about the concept of procedural justice.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3444, Distributive Justice

Nov 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn about the concept of distributive justice.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3443, Pursuing Happiness As an Inalienable Right

Nov 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

According to the Declaration of Independence, you have the right to pursue happiness. No one can take that away from you.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3442, What the "Pursuit of Happiness" Is

Nov 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we further explore concept of the "pursuit of happiness" and learn how to help decide what is truly in our self-interest.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3441, The Pursuit of Happiness

Nov 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

What exactly is the "pursuit of happiness"?
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3440, An Explanation of Inalienable Rights

Nov 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today, we break down the term "inalienable rights."
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3439, The Meaning of "Inalienable Rights"

Nov 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

What does it mean to have inalienable rights? We find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3438, The Meaning of "Inalienable Rights"

Nov 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

What does it mean to have inalienable rights? We find out on today's podcast.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3437, Equality and the American Mind

Nov 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's 60-Second Civics, we learn how the idea of universal human equality spread in the colonies and early republic.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3436, Stoicism, Christianity, and Moral Equality

Nov 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

The idea of universal human equality traveled from Stoicism to Christianity and influenced the writers of the Declaration of Independence and the Framers of the Constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3435, The Intellectual Origins of Americans' Sense of Political Equality

Nov 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn about some of the intellectual influences behind Americans' sense of political quality.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3434, "All Men Are Created Equal"

Nov 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today, we learn what Thomas Jefferson meant by the words "all men are created equal."
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3433, The American Creed

Nov 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about Thomas Jefferson's idea of the American creed.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3432, Why Americans Held "These Truths to Be Self-Evident"

Nov 13, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn how Americans thought about their rights at the time of independence.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3431, The Meaning of "Self-Evident Truths" in the Declaration

Nov 12, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn about some of the "self-evident truths" contained in the Declaration of Independence.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3430, Americans' Fundamental Ideals, Values, and Principles

Nov 11, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today on the podcast, we learn about the Declaration of Independence and Constitution as sources of Americans' fundamental political ideals, values, and principles.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3429, Elections in Colonial America and the Early Republic

Nov 10, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we explore the ways elections were conducted during the early years of the republic and the colonial era.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3428, Qualifying to Vote in Early America

Nov 9, 2018 1:15

Description:

The qualifications to vote might sound strange to us now, but they made sense to colonial Americans.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3427, Voting Rights in Colonial America

Nov 8, 2018 1:41

Description:

Learn about colonial America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3426, Representative Democracy in Colonial America

Nov 7, 2018 1:41

Description:

Learn about colonial America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3425, The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Nov 6, 2018 1:41

Description:

Learn about the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3424, The Massachusetts Body of Liberties

Nov 5, 2018 1:41

Description:

Learn about written guarantees of rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3423, Written Guarantees of Rights

Nov 4, 2018 1:41

Description:

Today's episode features the tradition of written guarantees of rights in the colonies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3422, Slavery in Colonial America

Nov 3, 2018 1:41

Description:

In the American colonies, a large portion of the population was slaves who were brought against their will.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3421, Indentured Servitude in Colonial America

Nov 2, 2018 1:41

Description:

Learn about indentured servants.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3420, The Southern Colonies

Nov 1, 2018 1:41

Description:

Today's episode features the Southern Colonies, highlighting their differences from the Northern and Middle Colonies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3419, The Middle Colonies

Oct 31, 2018 1:41

Description:

Today we discover the Middle Colonies, which were more culturally diverse and cosmopolitan than the New England colonies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3418, The New England Colonies

Oct 30, 2018 1:55

Description:

On today's episode, we explore the New England colonies, which were rich in natural resources and were in some cases founded by people fleeing religious persecution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3417, The Mayflower Compact

Oct 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Pilgrims and the Mayflower.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3416, The Voyage of the Mayflower

Oct 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Pilgrims and the Mayflower.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3415, The Jamestown Colony

Oct 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Jamestown colony.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3414, The Race to Colonize North America

Oct 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3413, Early English Settlements

Oct 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about settlements that the English began to develop in North America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3412, Early Settlement of North America

Oct 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

In this episode of 60-Second Civics, we discuss early European settlement of North America and explore Cahokia, a large and culturally important Native American settlement in what is today Southern Illinois.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3411, The British Constitution

Oct 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about important British documents.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3410, The Model Parliament of Edward I

Oct 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Parliament.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3409, Simon de Montfort's Parliaments of 1265

Oct 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Simon de Montfort.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3408, King Henry III and the Rise of Parliament

Oct 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Simon de Montfort.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3407, The Significance of the Magna Carta

Oct 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Magna Carta.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3406, King John Agrees to the Magna Carta

Oct 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Magna Carta.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3405, The Charter of Liberties

Oct 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Charter of Liberties.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3404, Origins of the House of Commons

Oct 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Normans' judicial system.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3403, The Witan

Oct 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Witan.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3402, Writs and Courts of Equity

Oct 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about writs and English law.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3401, What the Norman Invasion Meant

Oct 13, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Normans.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3400, The Norman Invasion

Oct 12, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3399, The Anglo-Saxon Era and the Law

Oct 11, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3398, Anglo-Saxon Law

Oct 10, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3397, The Viking Impact on Britain

Oct 9, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the vikings.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3396, Anglo-Saxon Society

Oct 8, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3395, The Anglo-Saxons Arrive in England

Oct 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Anglo-Saxons.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3394, The Rise and Fall of Roman Britain

Oct 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Roman Britain.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3393, Benjamin Franklin: Enlightenment Thinker

Oct 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Benjamin Franklin.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3392, Reason and Observation

Oct 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Enlightenment era thinkers.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3391, The Enlightenment and the Founders

Oct 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Age of Enlightenment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3390, The Emergence of Capitalism

Oct 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about capitalism.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3389, Humanism Shapes the Renaissance

Oct 1, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about humanism.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3388, The Peace of Westphalia

Sep 30, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Peace of Westphalia.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3387, The Reformation and the Rise to the Modern Nation-State

Sep 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3386, The Protestant Reformation

Sep 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3385, The Renaissance and the Start of the Reformation

Sep 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about changing societies in Europe.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3384, The Rebirth of Europe During the Renaissance

Sep 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Renaissance.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3383, Society in Medieval Europe

Sep 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about society in Medieval Europe.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3382, Feudal Europe

Sep 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about feudalism in Europe.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3381, The Judeo-Christian Tradition

Sep 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3380, Inequality and Natural Rights

Sep 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about natural rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3379, Popular Sovereignty Is a Fundamental Idea of Democracy

Sep 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about popular sovereignty.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3378, Popular Sovereignty and the American Colonies

Sep 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about popular sovereignty.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3377, Individual Rights and the American Colonies

Sep 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about natural rights philosophy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3376, John Locke's Conception of Natural Rights

Sep 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about John Locke's ideas and writings.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3375, Thomas Hobbes and "Leviathan"

Sep 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about natural rights philosophy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3374, Natural Rights Philosophy in the Declaration of Independence

Sep 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the ideas in the Declaration of Independence.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3373, Civic Virtue, Moral Education, and Small, Uniform Communities

Sep 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about classical republican thinking.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3372, Structure of Roman Republican Government

Sep 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Roman Republican Government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3371, Moral Education in the American Colonies

Sep 13, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3370, Cicero and the American Founders

Sep 12, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Cicero's values.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3369, Cincinnatus and George Washington

Sep 11, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Cincinnatus.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3368, Cato as an Example of Civic Virtue

Sep 10, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Cato.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3367, The Role of Citizens in Classical Republics

Sep 9, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the ancient republics.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3366, Small, Uniform Communities in Classical Republicanism

Sep 8, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Aristotle's views on government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3365, The Roman Republic: An Example and a Warning

Sep 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about classical republicanism.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3364, Classical Republicanism

Sep 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about classical republicanism.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3363, The Roman Republic

Sep 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Roman republic.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3362, The Problem with Constitutional Government

Sep 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about constitutional government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3361, Popular Sovereignty and Higher Law

Sep 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about popular sovereignty.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3360, Constitutional Government Is Limited Government

Sep 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about constitutions.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3359, What Is a Constitution?

Sep 1, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about constitutions.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3358, The Founders Favored Representative Government

Aug 31, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Founders' opinions on representative government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3357, James Madison on the Term "Republic"

Aug 30, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the evolving definition of a republic.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3356, The Mixed Constitution

Aug 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the origins of the ideas in a mixed constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3355, Why Aristotle Wasn't a Fan of Direct Democracy

Aug 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

The past taught Aristotle that direct democracy wasn't the best form of government, at least for ancient Greeks.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3354, Aristotle's Right and Corrupt Forms of Government

Aug 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we learn about Aristotle's solution for stable government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3353, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Functions

Aug 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the functions of government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3352, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Aug 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about natural rights philosophers.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3351, Lessons from History informed the Constitution

Aug 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about influences on American government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3350, Lessons from Classical Philosophy

Aug 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3349, Self-government in Virginia

Aug 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Virginia's House of Burgesses
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3348, William Blackstone

Aug 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about William Blackstone's writings.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3347, Influences on the American Founders

Aug 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the American Founders.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3346, American Trades and Land Speculation

Aug 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the American colonies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3345, Agriculture in Colonial America

Aug 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the American colonies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3344, The Diversity of the American Colonies

Aug 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the population of the American colonies.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3343, Native Americans and Colonial America

Aug 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Native Americans.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3342, A Land of Opportunity

Aug 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3341, Portraits of Some American Founders

Aug 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Founders.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3340, The American Founders

Aug 13, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Founders.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3339, We the People: An Adventure in Ideas

Aug 12, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the ideas that influenced the Founders.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3338, Supreme Court Decisions about the General Welfare Clause

Aug 11, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the general welfare clause.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3337, Controversy over the General Welfare Clause

Aug 10, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3334, Farmers Demand Relief from Debt after the Revolution

Aug 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about farmers after the Revolutionary War.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3333, Social Disorder after the Revolutionary War

Aug 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about social disorder after the Revolutionary War.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3332, Domestic Tranquility

Aug 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about domestic tranquility.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3331, Corrective Justice

Aug 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about corrective justice.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3330, Procedural Justice

Aug 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about procedural justice.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3329, Distributive Justice

Aug 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about distributive justice.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3327, What the "Pursuit of Happiness" Is

Jul 31, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the pursuit of happiness.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3326, The Pursuit of Happiness

Jul 30, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the inalienable rights listed in the Declaration of Independence.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3325, An Explanation of Inalienable Rights

Jul 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about inalienable rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3324, Inalienable Rights in the Virginia Declaration of Rights

Jul 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about inalienable rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3323, The Meaning of "Unalienable Rights"

Jul 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about unalienable rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3322, Equality and the American Mind

Jul 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about ideas on equality.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3321, The Intellectual Origins of Americans' Sense of Moral Equality

Jul 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the fundamental principles of America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3320, The Intellectual Origins of Americans' Sense of Political Equality

Jul 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the fundamental principles of America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3319, "All Men Are Created Equal"

Jul 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the fundamental principles of America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3318, The American Creed

Jul 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the fundamental principles of America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3317, Why Americans Held "These Truths to Be Self-evident"

Jul 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn more about self-evident truths.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3316, The Meaning of "Self-Evident Truths" in the Declaration of Independence

Jul 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn more about self-evident truths.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3315, America's Fundamental Ideals, Values, and Principles

Jul 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we begin a series on America's fundamental ideals, values, and principles.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3314, International Context of Twenty-sixth Amendment

Jul 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3313, Shootings Gave Twenty-sixth Amendment Renewed Urgency

Jul 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3312, "Old Enough to Fight, Old Enough to Vote"

Jul 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3311, Cultural Context of the Twenty-sixth Amendment

Jul 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3310, Oregon v. Mitchell Sets Back the Push to Lower the Voting Age

Jul 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3309, How the Vietnam War Spurred the Twenty-sixth Amendment

Jul 13, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3308, The Twenty-sixth Amendment

Jul 12, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Twenty-sixth Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3307, International Context to the Twenty-second Amendment

Jul 11, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about World War II.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3306, The Power of the American Presidency

Jul 10, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the office of the president.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3305, The Custom of a Two-Term Limit

Jul 9, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about two-term limits on the president.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3304, Political Equality as a Fundamental Principle

Jul 8, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about political equality.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3303, Roosevelt and the Great Depression

Jul 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3302, Distrust of Executive Power

Jul 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3301, Roosevelt Breaks with Custom

Jul 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3300, War at the Start of Roosevelt's Third Term

Jul 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3299, The Twenty-second Amendment

Jul 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Twenty-second Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3298, Women's Suffrage Expands Worldwide

Jul 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the fight for women's suffrage.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3297, The Sentinels of Liberty

Jul 1, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the fight for women's suffrage.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3296, Violence Against Women's Suffrage

Jun 30, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the suffrage movement.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3295, Women's Suffrage Associations

Jun 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the suffrage movement.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3294, A Fractured Suffrage Movement

Jun 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the suffrage movement.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3293, The Growing Women's Movement of the Late 1800s

Jun 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the push for women's rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3292, The Seneca Falls Convention

Jun 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about women's suffrage.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3274, The Emancipation Proclamation

Jun 8, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Emancipation Proclamation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3273, Abolitionists, Free Soilers, and Emancipation

Jun 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Americans opinions on slavery.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3272, "If Slavery Is Not Wrong, Nothing Is Wrong"

Jun 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about President Abraham Lincoln.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3271, The Corwin Amendment

Jun 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Corwin Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3270, Abolition Movements in the United States

Jun 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about slavery in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3269, Early Anti-Slavery Movements in America

Jun 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about slavery in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3268, Slavery Contradicted America's Founding Principles

Jun 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about slavery in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3267, Economic Context of the Civil War

Jun 1, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Civil War.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3264, The Civil War Amendments

May 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Civil War Amendments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3263, Freedom of the Press around the World

May 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the press in America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3262, The English Roots of American Freedom of the Press

May 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the press in America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3261, Freedom of the Press and New Forms of Communication

May 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the press in America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3260, The Growing Power of Media

May 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the press in America.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3259, The Importance of Freedom of the Press in the Early Republic

May 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about freedom of the press.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3258, Prior Restraint

May 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about prior restraint.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3257, New York Times v. Sullivan

May 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about New York Times v. Sullivan.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3256, The Alien and Sedition Acts

May 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Alien and Sedition Acts.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3255, Libel vs. Slander

May 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about libel and slander.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3254, The Zenger Case

May 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the First Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3253, Freedom of the Press, an Introduction

May 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the First Amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3252, A Just and a Lasting Peace

May 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3251, Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address

May 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Gettysburg Address.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3250, Abraham Lincoln and America's Founding Principles

May 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Lincoln's political sentiments.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3249, The Thirteenth Amendment

May 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the thirteenth amendment.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3246, Lincoln Takes Strong Action against the Rebellion

May 11, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about President Lincoln and the writ of habeas corpus.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3245, Suspending the Writ of Habeas Corpus During the Civil War

May 10, 2018 1:15

Description:

Chief Justice Roger B. Taney rules against Abraham Lincoln's aggressive use of war powers.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3244, The Prize Cases

May 9, 2018 1:15

Description:

The Prize Cases posed a constitutional test of Abraham Lincoln's use of war powers during an emergency.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3243, Congress Approves Lincoln's Actions

May 8, 2018 1:15

Description:

Critics opposed Abraham Lincoln of trampling on the Constitution, but he thought his actions were needed to save both the Union and the Constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3242, Lincoln Takes Immediate Action Against the Confederacy

May 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

Abraham Lincoln acted swiftly when the Civil War began, but some people thought he had gone too far.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3241, The Civil War Begins

May 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Abraham Lincoln faced a tough first year in office: secession and war plagued the nation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3240, Abraham Lincoln Elected President

May 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

Lincoln lost his campaign for the Senate, but won the presidency two years later.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3239, Abraham Lincoln Opposes the Kansas-Nebraska Act

May 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

The Kansas-Nebraska Act brought Abraham Lincoln back into politics and pushed the country closer to civil war.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3238, Abraham Lincoln Begins His Political Career

May 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

Despite having less than one year of formal education, Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer and launched his political career.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3237, Abraham Lincoln's Early Life

May 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

Today we kick off a brief series on Abraham Lincoln.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3236, The Legacy of George Mason

May 1, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, we learn about the legacy of George Mason, America's forgotten founder.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3235, Virginia Ratifies the Constitution

Apr 30, 2018 1:15

Description:

Despite George Mason's objections, Virginia ratified the Constitution.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3234, George Mason at the Virginia Ratification Convention

Apr 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

George Mason made one fateful error at the Virginia Ratification Convention.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3233, George Mason Refuses to Sign the Constitution

Apr 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

Why didn't the Founders add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution at first?
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3232, George Mason Proposes the Bill of Rights

Apr 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

On today's podcast, George Mason opens Pandora's Box during the final days of the Philadelphia Convention.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3231, Bernard Bailyn on Slavery in the Founding Period

Apr 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about slavery in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3230, The New York Manumission Society

Apr 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the New York Manumission Society.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3229, Slavery in the North

Apr 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about slavery in the United States.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3228, Providence Punishes National Sins by National Calamities

Apr 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Founders and slavery.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3227, George Mason's Attack on Slavery

Apr 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Founders and slavery.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3226, Jefferson and Madison on Slavery

Apr 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Founders and slavery.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3225, Mason and Washington on Slavery

Apr 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about two Founders' views on slavery.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3224, Frequent Recurrence to Fundamental Principles

Apr 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3223, Important Principles in the Virginia Declaration of Rights

Apr 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3222, The Virginia Declaration of Rights

Apr 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Virginia Declaration of Rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3221, The Most Influential Constitutional Document in American History

Apr 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Mason.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3220, The Fairfax Resolves

Apr 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Mason.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3219, George Mason's Early Life

Apr 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Mason.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3218, George Mason, the Reluctant Statesman

Apr 13, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Mason.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3217, George Mason, America's Forgotten Founder

Apr 12, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Mason.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3216, George Washington's Rules of Civility

Apr 11, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3215, George Washington's Views on Slavery

Apr 10, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3214, George Washington Warns Against Party and Faction

Apr 9, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3213, How George Washington Established the Authority of the Presidency

Apr 8, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3212, George Washington Relied on the Advice of Others

Apr 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3211, George Washington as President

Apr 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3210, George Washington, the Reluctant President

Apr 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3209, A Strong Executive

Apr 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3208, George Washington on Patriotism

Apr 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3207, Washington's Support for Civilian Control of Government

Apr 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3206, The Newburgh Conspiracy

Apr 1, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Newburgh Conspiracy.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3205, George Washington the Soldier

Mar 31, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3204, George Washington's Early Life

Mar 30, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about George Washington.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3203, James Madison and the Bill of Rights

Mar 29, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3202, Madison Supports Freedom of Religion in Virginia

Mar 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3201, James Madison as a Champion for Religious Freedom

Mar 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3200, James Madison Fears About Slavery

Mar 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison's opinions on slavery.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3199, James Madison on Slavery

Mar 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison's opinions on slavery.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3198, James Madison's Evolving Opinion of Political Parties

Mar 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Madison's views on political parties.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3197, Mr. Madison's Party

Mar 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison's political party.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3196, James Madison on Partisan Politics

Mar 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Madison's views on partisanship.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3195, If Men Were Angels, No Government Would Be Needed

Mar 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the separation of powers in government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3194, James Madison's Federalist 10

Mar 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3193, James Madison's Federalist Essays

Mar 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3192, James Madison, the Convention's Most Active Delegate

Mar 18, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3191, James Madison's Views Did Not Always Prevail

Mar 17, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3190, James Madison Drafts the Virginia Plan

Mar 16, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3189, James Madison, Scholar and Politician

Mar 15, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3188, James Madison's Early Career

Mar 14, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3187, James Madison, Father of the Constitution

Mar 13, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about James Madison.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3186, Participation in Government

Mar 12, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about citizens participating in government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3183, Civic Participation

Mar 9, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about civic participation.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3182, Citizenship as an Office of Government

Mar 8, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about citizens' roles.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3181, Civil Disobedience

Mar 7, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about civil disobedience.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3180, Responsibilities of Citizens

Mar 6, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about citizens and their responsibilities.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3179, Some Rights Can Be Limited

Mar 5, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the limitation of rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3178, Personal, Political, and Economic Rights

Mar 4, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about types of rights.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3177, Legal Permanent Residents

Mar 3, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about living legally in a country.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3176, Citizenship

Mar 2, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about citizenship.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3175, The Spread of American Ideas

Mar 1, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the spread of American ideas.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3174, Constitutional Powers to Deal With Other Countries

Feb 28, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about shared powers of U.S. government.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3173, The United Nations

Feb 27, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the United Nations.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3172, How Nations Interact

Feb 26, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about nations interactions with each other.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3171, International Law

Feb 25, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about international law.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3170, Nation-States

Feb 24, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about nation-states.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3169, The Indispensable Foundation of Individual Freedom

Feb 23, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about rights of individuals.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3168, Due Process in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments

Feb 22, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about due process.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3167, Due Process of Law

Feb 21, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about due process.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3166, The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

Feb 20, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about the Civil Rights Movement.
Center for Civic Education

60-Second Civics: Episode 3165, The Civil Rights Movement

Feb 19, 2018 1:15

Description:

Learn about Rosa Parks and other activists.
Center for Civic Education